Sailing To Mexico And Belize From

Sailing from the United States coast to the Yucatan Peninsula involves an offshore passage with no harbors for rest en route. Before departing, close attention to weather forecasts is a must. Storms are likely to occur during the winter and early spring. These high pressure systems called northers drop down from the continental United States and bring high gusty winds and heavy rains and seas. A 20- to 30-knot north wind against the 2 to 2.5 knot north-setting Yucatan current can create an...

Entrance Procedures

AH boats entering Belize are requested to clear with customs and immigration officials in Belize City or Punta Gorda. It is possible to check in or out at the courtesy ports of San Pedro, Cay Chapel, and Big Creek near Placencia. These ports have airstrips where officials can fly in at the boat captain's expense. Transportation cost for a customs officer to fly from Belize City to San Pedro is about 45 U.S. In Belize City, all boats should tie alongside the Ft. George dock or anchor off with a...

Monkey River Town

False Placencia Lagoon and Mango Creek 156 Big Harvest Palmetto M o nkey R iver To Lark Cay 19. CRAWL CAY TO RAN GUANA CAY 160 Crawl Cay, Baker's South Long Cocoa Mosquito Moho Laughing Bird Slasher Sand Bore, Tarpum North Long Cocoa Rendezvous Funk Jacks Buttonwood Gladden Gladden Queen Cay Hatchet Little Water Queen Round Pompion Ranguana Ranguana 20. RANGUANA CAY TO SAPODILLA CAY 182 North Spot, Red Rock, and Black Rock 182 Tom Owens Sapodilla Northeast Sapodilla Franks Cays (Grass Nicholas...

Supplies And Services

Haul Out Yards-Sail Repairs. Marinas SCUBA Diving Swimming and Snorkeling Let's Go Fishing. Spearfishing. Closed Seasons-Regatta Time. Yacht Chartering Live-Aboard Dive Boats., Dangerous Marine Animals. 43 43 44 45 45 46 46 47 ,.47 48 48 .49 49 .49 49 50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50 .50

Cozumel

Cozumel, Mexico's largest Caribbean island, lies 50 miles south of Cancun and 12 miles off the Quintana Roo coast. This low-lying island is 28 miles long by 9 miles wide. Cozumel is built on a coral and limestone base, with its highest point reaching barely 40 feet above sea level. Surrounded by a clear turquoise sea, over a dozen major reefs with water visibility of 100 feet or more, have made Cozumel famous as a divers paradise. See regional chart at the beginning of this chapter, and...

Info

Gulf of Honduras and Yucatan Channel Northern Belize (Approaches to Belize) 1 125,000 Cay Bokel Anchorage Stann Creek to Monkey River (Ranguana Cay to Columbus Cay, including Glover Reef) Queen Cay Entrance Gulf of Honduras, with the Zapodillos Cays See Bibliography, Appendix in for a list of General Guidebooks and Reference Books. Lighthouse at the south tip of Isla Mujeres (chapter 24) Lighthouse at the south tip of Isla Mujeres (chapter 24)

Eastern Channel

Refer to Regional Chart English Cay to Moho Cay (Sail Belize) and chart Approaches to Eastern Channel. Eastern Channel is the main shipping channel into Belize Cily Harbor. This deep winding passage through the barrier reef can be entered safely by day or night. Many a ship and sailor have passed these gates with a sigh of relief to be in the calm and protected waters of Belize. Palm-studded Goffs and English Cays lie to the north and south of Eastern Channel. Both are described in Chapter 16....

Isla Mujeres Greta Shorey

P Regional Chart, Approach to Isla Mujeres Cancun Pepito buoy (F1 R 4 sec). Note last year, the light was missing. A north setting current attains a rate of 1.5 knots between Isla Mujeres and the mainland. When the Bajo Pepito buoy, Roca La Carbonera light (F1 W 2 sec) and the northern lighthouse align on a range due north, steer a course of 003 T to the flashing red buoys. Leave them to starboard. A grassy shoal with depths of 5 to 7 feet lies north of Roca Carbonera. Round up north of this...

Charts And Navigational Publications

The sketch charts included in this guide should be regarded strictly as sketch charts. We have attempted to make them accurate, but they are to be used as supplements to standard navigational charts. Although we have taken great pain to make these charts as accurate as possible, we know there are bound to be errors, omissions, and changes. Neither the author nor the publisher can take any responsibility for any errors. We encourage readers to report additions or discrepancies to us. Watch for...

Isla Mujeres

See regional chart at the beginning of this chapter, Approach to Isla Mujeres Cancun. Isla Mujeres (EES-lah moo-HEH-rehs), island of women, with its powdery white beaches and swaying palm trees, is surrounded by some of the most beautiful waters in the world. This very casual beach resort island is only 5 miles long by about .5 mile wide. Waiting to greet cruisers, Isla Mujeres stands 4 NM offshore mainland Quintana Roo, and 4.5 NM north northeast of Cancun. Each spring since the late sixties,...

Mexico

Mexico is a country rich in many resources and has one of the most diversified economies in Latin America. In 1921, Mexico was the world's leading oil producer. Today Mexico is one of the world's major producers of fluorspar and silver. Other major resources are petroleum and petrochemicals, steel, coffee, sugar, cotton, fruit, tomatoes, forestry and fishing. In the post war years between 1945 and 1972, Mexico's economy was the most stable in Central America. By 1974 Seafood Co-op, Cay Caulker...

Mexican And Belize An Recipes

2 cups chopped conch, lobster, fish or shrimp Combine all ingredients in a salad bowl and mix thoroughly. Cover and let stand for 30 minutes. The acid in lime juice marinates the seafood. To caramelize the sugar, sprinkle sugar in 9 cake pan. Heat over medium heat until sugar begins to melt. Do not stir. Cook until sugar turns a rich brown. Beat eggs, add remaining Vi cup of sugar. Heat milk and cinnamon over medium heat until mixture bubbles. Slowly add milk to egg mixture, stirring...

Transportation

Flying time to Belize City from Miami is 2 hours. Taca International, the national airline of El Salvador, and Tan-Sahsa (the national airlines of Honduras) fly direct to Belize City from Houston, Miami, and New Orleans. Continental Airlines serves Belize City from Houston. American Airlines took over Eastern's Caribbean routes, and now serves Belize from Miami. Pan Am also serves Belize City from Miami. Editor's Note I've flown down from Miami on both Tan and Taca. You can't beat them...

Clearing Into

All returning yachts are to fly the yellow quarantine flag as they return to U.S. territorial waters. All commercial boats under 5 tons and pleasure boats of any size arriving in southeast Florida from foreign ports and waters must put in at one of the designated entry points and report their arrival to U.S. Customs Service immediately by telephone. This regulation affects the area from Sebastian to Key West. A special grey telephone at each entry point will automatically connect the skipper of...

Economy

Sugar, citrus, rice, cocoa, bananas, lobster, fish, and tourism have surpassed logging as the country's main economic activities. Only a handful of small, local industries operate such as those producing cigarettes, beer, soft drinks, flour-milling, concrete blocks fertilizers, shoes, wire, nails, and garments. Belize is only beginning to be self-sufficient in basic foodstuffs like rice, corn, and red kidney beans. Mennon-ite farms account for much of Belize's dairy and poultry. Because...

Sapodilla Cays

The southern 4 miles of the barrier reef consists of a series of large shoal and reef patches intersected by deep channels. The six islands now standing on these patches are locally known as the Sapodilla Cays. Many veteran divers consider the reefs around these cays to be among the most beautiful in all of Belize. And no wonder, the water is exceptionally clear with average visibility in the water typically 100 feet or more. Eyeball navigation is crucial for making safe passage around the many...

Clearing

Checking out of Belize from Belize City, all skippers will need to report to customs, port authority, and immigration. Go to customs with your ship's papers and copies of your crew list with listed destination of next port of call. Next stop is the Belize Port Authority located at King's Pier on Caesar Ridge Road open Monday thru Friday from 0800 to 1600 closed 1200 to 1300 for lunch. Here you will pay a clearance fee of 10 U.S. and an aids to navigation fee of 38 cents U.S. per gross ton. They...

Xcaret

See regional chart at the beginning of Chapter 26. About 3.5 NM south of Playa del Carmen is Xcaret (ishkah-rehi), site of several small unrestored Mayan ruins found near three interlocking cenotes. The coast is composed of sharp lava rock where a tiny inlet about 25 feet wide leads to an inner lagoon. One small temple stands overlooking the sea. Farther up the hill is a sacred Mayan cenote situated at the base of a limestone cliff. Diving is superb in the still and clear spring waters. Be sure...

F

There's a cliffed beach, lined with palm trees, and a rustic lobster camp on the southeast point of Garbutt Cays. During lobster season you can buy lobster directly from the fishermen. If you approach from the west, enter on an easterly heading about .5 mile south of Garbutt Cays. Avoiding shoals bulging west and south, steer about 040 T for the cliffed bank on the southeast point. This course will pass you north of a sand shoal with 5 feet at MLW. You can anchor about 250 yards south of the...

S Cauc

F-4ft.OTiCA.l_ c ioilWOitJO'i VCCT fishing trawlers. They're used mainly by fishing co-operatives for longlining shark and grouper. The yard has a competent crew of boatbuilders on staff. When we last visited the plant, they were building several smaller sportfishing and dive boats. Rodman's provides repair service to most of the commercial boats in the area. In an emergency, marine repair service for your boat could be obtained here. A marine travel lift hauls and launches boats from the two...

San Pedro Settlement

Maya Airways and Tropic Air provide regularly scheduled service from Belize City to San Pedro's 2,600-foot airstrip. The fare is less than 25.00 U.S. Easy access and numerous small beachfront resorts make Ambergris Cay the number one tourist destination in Belize. Visitors come primarily to enjoy diving, fishing, and the quiet charm of San Pedro. The waterfront is busy as numerous fishing and diving charters head off to the reef in native-built mahogany skiffs...

Haul Out Yards

In Quintana Roo, there are haul out yards in Isla Mujeres, Puerto Morelos, Cozumel, and Chetumal. Astillero Rodman del Caribe in Puerto Morelos is accustomed to dealing with yachts. Rodman manufactures 33- and 45-foot fiberglass fishing trawlers. This yard has a competent crew of boat builders on staff and provides repair service. Belize Cily has several boatyards located on the banks of Belize River. You'll find skilled carpenters and shipwrights. However, all parts and machinery are imported....

Approach To Chetumal

Editor's Note San Pedro (Chapter 13) is the northern end of the line for most charterers and other sailors exploring the Belize coast. It was for your editor and his intrepid crew aboard Sail Belize's Hunter 40. But not so for our wore intrepid author and her equally intrepid crew They explored to the Belize-Mexico border, to make it easy for you that is, if you don't draw more than 5 feet. You can't go straight north inside the reef from San Pedro. You have to go south, around the south tip of...

Preparing Your Boat For A Long Offshore Passage

Boats embarking on an offshore passage should be fully found, thoroughly seaworthy and manned by an experienced crew who are physically fit to face any weather. Storms at sea carrying winds of 30 knots or more with accompanying waves of 8 to 10 feet are not uncommon. It is important that your boat is capable of making headway in rough weather sea conditions. Boats should have a minimum cruising range of 500 to 750 miles. Carry enough water for at least two weeks at sea. Power boats must have...

Dangerous Marine Animals

Though sharks, barracuda, and moray eels are common enough in Mexico and Belize, authentic cases of attacks on humans are rare. Sharks are here as they are in other waters. We often spotted nurse shark's sleeping under ledges of coral reef. Though it's tempting, don't tug on a nurse shark's tail while they are sleeping. They can be grumpy, especially when rudely awakened from a sound slumber. Of all reported shark attacks, those from nurse sharks are the most frequent because divers are known...

Flag Etiquette

If you are clearing in for the first time, the yellow quarantine flag should be flown from the starboard spfeader underneath a courtesy flag, or from a radio antenna on power ves sels. The Q flag should be taken down once you have cleared in with customs and immigration officers. The courtesy flag should be flown for the duration of the yacht's stay in foreign waters. It should be flown from the starboard spreader or from the bow staff on motor yachts. A flag without the national emblem is...

Shopping

The selection of handicrafts are limited compared to Mexico and Guatemala. Best buys are English woolens, native wood carvings out of rosewood and ziricote, cow horn carving, baskets, straw bags and hats, black coral, agate, and tortoise shell jewelry. Try the government operated Cottage Craft Industries, 26 Albert St., or the privately run National Craft Center at 147 Cemetery Rd Belize City. Editor's Note Items made from tortoise shells will be confiscated...

Water

Belize City is served by a modern water treatment plant located on the Old Belize River about 19 miles north of town. Tap water throughout the city is absolutely safe, but some old faithfuls still insist on roof collected rainwater, which is untreated and may become contaminated. Dockside water to tank up can be found atMoho Cay Sail Belize, Fort George's dock, Cay Chapel, San Pedro, and Big Creek. There are many on-shore water spigots from which you may jug your water back to your boat. Many...

Marinas

There are four full service marinas in Quintana Roo. Club de Yates and Marina Paraiso in Isla Mujeres, Playa Blanca in Cancun, and the Club Nautico in Cozumel. In Belize City, there's the Fort George's Hotel Marina, Blackline Marina, Maya Landings Marina Sail Belize on Moho Cay, and the Pyramid Island Resort in Cay Chapel. In Guatemala, there is the Hotel Catamaran, Manana Marina, Hotel Fiesta Izabel, and the Hotel Marimonte. For a more detailed description of services rendered by these...

Communications

WEATHER REPORTS Radio Weather Broadcasts The most reliable source of coastal and offshore weather forecasts are the weather bulletins from the US Coast Guard Station, NMN in Portsmouth, VA. These reports cover the North Atlantic west of 35 W, the entire Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. These bulletins are broadcast every 6 hours on the following frequencies 4428.7, 6506.4, 8765.4, 13113.2 and 17307.3 kHz. For broadcast times see our tabulation, Radio Broadcasts, in this chapter. As a...

Cays Of Port Honduras Bight

See regional chart at the beginning of this chapter. The cays of Port Honduras Bight between Punta Ycacos and Punta Gorda stand on numerous steep-sided knolls. Most of the islands are mangrove and un-named. From seaward, Seven Hills, the dome-shaped hills northeast of Punta Gorda, provide an excellent landmark. See horizon view at top of the regional chart. From West Snake Cay, a course of 346 T leads to Wilson Cay and New Haven. You can anchor north of Wilson Cay in 30-foot depth. A Belizean...

Playa Del Carmen

Playa del Carmen has long been the landing point for the Cozumel passenger ferry. Because of this and its wonderfully broad beach, the once small fishing village has now become a tourist-oriented beach community. Cruise ships, small planes, and tour buses arrive regularly. A 46-foot metal frame light tower stands on a hill behind the main pier. Four radio antennas with blinking red lights are good landmarks from sea. There is no protection from the steady trade winds. Although boaters will not...

Reciprocal Ham License

Belize gives a reciprocal license and voice privileges to holders of technician or higher class U.S. licenses. The license is issued by the Belize Telecommunications Authority located in Belize City on Church St. The application fee for this license costs 6 U.S. Mexican ham licenses are issued free by the Secretaria de Comunicaciones Y Transportes. Their office is located next to the Cancun Post Office at 5 Xel-Ha. Look for a sign which reads Dentista Endodoncia Rayos X. The office is on the...

Crawl Cay To Rang Uana

See regional chart, Crawl Cay to Ranguana Cay. Boat traffic thins out east of Placencia, but you haven't begun to ran out of beautiful Belizean cays or incredible virgin reefs. Most of the cays in this region either sit on a ring of coral, or are located on long ridges of reef. You will be astounded at the sheer mass of living coral. Great pillars rise steeply from depths of 60 to 100 feet throughout Belize's central lagoon. There are places where patches of reef are so incredibly thick that...

Swimming And Snorkeling

Since this is some of the clearest water you'll see anywhere, you won't want to miss out on the many tropical underwater delights. Mask, snorkel, and fins are an absolute must Wherever you snorkel or dive, you're bound to see magnificent coral formations, a kaleidoscope of tropical fish, lobsters, and spotted eagle rays which are commonplace in Belize. The water temperature is comfortable year-round, ranging from 70 to 85 degrees. All swimmers and divers should be careful of strong currents...

Ranguana Cay To Sapodilla

See regional chart at the beginning of this chaper, Ranguana Cay to Sapodilla Cay. We reached south southwest from Ranguana Cay sailing a course of 210 T in the protected waters behind the southernmost part of Belize's great barrier reef. The orientation of the cays continues to curve southwest until you reach Sapodilla Cay. There are nine breaks in the barrier reef south of Ranguana Cay to Sapodilla Cay, where this long reef ends. At Sapodilla Cay, the fringing reefs and sand bars make a sharp...

Porto Stuck

See regional chart at the beginning of this chapter. Frenchman's, Montejo, and Hick's Cays make up a continuous string of mangrove cays stretching north of St. George's Cay. There's a small boat channel with water depths less than 3 feet passing north of Montejo Cay. Known locally as the Short Cut, this cut is used by water taxis looking for smooth water. To the north, Hick's Cays actually consist of a dozen mangrove islands, four of them large. See charts, Horizon View of Porto Stuck looking...

Regatta Time

Each year in April and May, the community of Isla Mujeres hosts two regattas originating from Florida and Texas. Vessels which participate in the race will rejoice in the sincere hospitality extended by the people of Isla Mujeres. The Mexican Navy may escort you to the finishing line, where a five gun salute will announce your arrival. Mexican children will run to greet the Captain and crew with a cold case of cervesas. The Mayor of Isla Mujeres and the Governor of Quintana Roo declare all...

Southern Belize

When cruising the barrier reef cays of southern Belize, it is very important to positively identify the cays and count them as you go. I recommend keeping a dead reckoning plot on your chart. Note the time you pass abeam of a point or cay and note your course and speed. In many areas, eyeball navigation is crucial for making safe passage around coral shoals. You'll need good light to be able to distinguish depth and bottom types from various water colors....

Goffs

This tiny jewel of a cay stands on a reef patch just north of Eastern Channel. Beautiful beaches and about a dozen palms adorn this deserted isle. It is a popular day stop, weather permitting. You can get in close enough to anchor about 100 yards west of the beach. There's remnants of a deteriorated concrete dock off the west side. We enjoyed good snorkeling about 400 yards north of the cay in the shallows near the reef. There is a consolidated effort by Belizeans to keep this cay clean. Please...

Chetumal Bay Draft

Any cruise to Chetumal Bay should include a stopover at the picturesque and rarely visited village of Sarteneja. This small fishing and boat building community is nestled in a small cove west of Rocky Point. Sarteneja's population of about 1200 is mostly of Mestizo and Mayan descent. Today, evidence of the ancientMaya can be found in the town center where a cenote is still used as a source of water. A cenote is a natural steep-sided well. Cenotes are formed when underground rivers cause the...

Turneffe Islands

The Turneffe Islands lie less than 8 NM east of Belize's barrier reef and about 18 miles west of Lighthouse Reef. Leaving the protected waters of Eastern Channel, we entered the cobalt blue of the deep Caribbean. It felt good to be off soundings after cruising the shallow banks of northern Belize. We approached the southwest coast ofTurneffe on a course of 140 T and made our landfall 2 NM north of Blue Creek. As you near the bank, the aqua-blue water of the lagoon behind the fringing reef is in...

Robinson Cays

In the 18th century, the name Southern Triangles was used to apply to the two clusters of islands to the north and south of Southern Grennels Channel. The cays on the south side are still named The Triangles on charts, while those on the north side are given no specific name. There are seven large mangrove islands in this northern group. These are locally known as the Robinson Cays. From Belize City, they are about 7 NM south on a direct line course of 193 T. Robinson...

Rendezvous

Rendezvous Cay is one of Belize's precious pristine gems. It sits right on top the barrier reef, about 2.5 miles east of Middle Long Cay. Passing about 200 yards south of Middle Long Cay, we headed east on a course of 085 T to Rendezvous Cay. Go slow as you will have to dodge a few submerged coral patches. About a mile west of the cay, the water deepens from 7 to 9 feet to 20 to 30 feet. You can anchor in 30 feet less than mile west of the cay. No huts on shore, just a nice grove of palms, a...

Mayan Ruins Of Belize

Settled Mayan farming communities spread into the area of Belize around 1500 B.C. and flourished until Spanish contact in the 1500s. Several archaeological sites, notably those at Xunantunich and Altun Ha, reflect the civilization of the period. Others are more obscure and are advisable only for the more avid archaeological enthusiast. This Classic period ceremonial center located 6 miles from the sea, was an important trading center strategically located as a link between the coast and...

Placencia Harbor And Settlement Chart Identifications

Kingfisher Grocery amp Tours lax v , 3z'ooaJ 16. Stone Crab Restaurant SooW IS. ,M FETETV -V0 SooW IS. ,M FETETV -V0 building behind the ice house. There's a snack bar and small gift shop here too. Miss Janice Leslie runs it all. She is the postmistress and custodian of the public phone. If she isn't at the post office, walk northeast to her house on the point. If you want to dine ashore, there are several small restaurants to choose from. Most are located just...

Where To Anchor A Sailboat In Belize

Pass between Placencia Cay and Placencia Point. You'll enter in the easily-seen deep channel between two sand bars that stretch northeast off Placencia Point and Placencia Cay. We sounded 20 feet in the channel. If you're approaching from the south, enter on a northwesterly heading passing at least 200 yards south of Placencia Cay to avoid shoal waters. The anchorage west of Placencia Cay is excellent when winds are northwest to east. About 20 feet deep, the bottom is turtle grass, so check to...

Drowned Cays

See regional chart at the beginning of this chapter. The Drowned Cays lie 3.5 NM east of Belize City on a course of 098 T from Baron Bliss Lighthouse. Be sure to stay at least .5 NM north of Stake Bank to avoid foul rocky bottom surrounding this cay. The Drowned Cays are all mangrove cays, intersected by a number of deep, east-west tidal channels or bogues. The largest are Shags Cay Bogue, Bannister Bogue, Farls Bogue, and Goring Bogue. All but Shags Cay Bogue have navigable channels that pass...

Mql

Lighthouse and Baron Bliss Monument, Belize City Fort Street. If you are looking for an intimate and expensive dining atmosphere, this is the place. Hofius Belize Diesel and Equipment Company stocks a limited supply of marine hardware, fiberglass, resin, Mariner outboard motors, and pails for Perkins Engines. At 91 North Front Street you'll arrive at Beth La Croix's Personalized Services, specializing in custom inland tours of Belize and marine rescue. If you have any special needs, Beth is the...

Bluefield Range

This working lobster and fishing camp has an excellent harbor between three mangrove cays. Your friendly and accommodating hosts are Ricardo Castillo, and his father Eterio. Eterio has lived and worked on this island since 1970. Local sloop sailing home. We're on Rendezvous Cay miles from any civilization, and these young men sail by to offer lobster IviAOT CAU rMV-ET o MtnWGS F EE T They built a few stilt cabins over the water which they rent out to tourists. Eterio and Ricardo will provide...

Liveaboard Dive Boats

Some of the best diving in Belize is far from mainland. This geographical accident has made the live-aboard one of the best ways to discover the offshore atolls. There are several extended duration live-aboards operating in Belize waters. Most offer Saturday to Saturday cruise itineraries. Aboard these dive boats, it is not unusual for divers to log over 30 dives in one week. The extremely popular 100-foot aluminum hulled, Belize Aggressor accommodates up to 16 divers and cruises at 15 knots....

Miscellaneous Information

Self-service laundromats are just beginning to appear in the larger cities of Mexico. All laundromats have attendants on duty. If you desire, you may leave your dirty laundry with the attendant and come back for clean wash in just a few hours. Most hotels offer a laundry service, which can range from good to horrible and is quite expensive. In most small towns, there are several women who run a cottage laundry service from their own homes. It's always a good idea to count how many articles you...

J J T Ii

They ask that you refrain from spearfishing within the immediate vicinity of the resort. Currently under study, in a few years, Belize may have its third marine reserve at Glovers Reef. There is a narrow, well marked entrance between Northeast Cay and Long Cay. Less than 100 yards wide, this pass is entered on a northerly heading. Stay in the light blue water as you proceed to the red and green markers. Depths are 12 feet in the cut. Good light and a sharp lookout is necessary to...

Wind And Weather Patterns

The reliable Caribbean trade wind is one of the most attractive and enjoyable attributes this coast has to offer sailors. We've enjoyed some of our finest sailing along the shores of Belize and Mexico where east to sourtheast winds predominate from February to September. North to northeast winds prevail from late October through January. The average trade wind blows steadily at 10 to 15 knots, with frequent increases to 20 to 25 knots. One of Belize's greatest assets as a cruising area, is wind...

Sailboat True North 360

IL RH fie Ehl ill FH f11 tLLmmLL LtLI. Il tan crossing is 2.0 to 2.5 knots true north 360 . In our example, we have assumed a 2.5 knot current will set us 2.5 NM true north in one hour. This is labeled as point C. 3. With dividers, swing an arc of the distance you will travel in 1 hour at your estimated speed. In our example we used 5 NM at 5 knots. Swing this distance from point C and strike an arc on AB. Label this intersection point D, which is your estimated position in 1 hour. Draw a line...

Food And Drink

Aside from seafood, some beef, chicken, sugar, flour, and citrus and vegetables raised by the Mennonites, most of Belize's food is imported. Despite the abundance of unused land, Belize is only beginning to become self-sufficient in staples like rice, beans, and corn. This explains the abundance of imported foods, the bulk of which come from the U.S. or Britain. Food prices are expensive, expect to pay at least twice as much as you would in USA. In Belize City, Brodie's and Ro-Macs are among...

Glovers Reef

The early history of Glovers Reef is obscure. The name Long Reef appears on charts during the early 18th century. The name Glover was later derived from an English buccaneer, John Glover, who made the cays his base in the 1700s. Glovers Reef is the most southern of Belize's three offshore atolls. It lies 15 miles east of South Water Cay on a direct course of 115 T. The direct line course from Tobacco Cay Pass is 132 T from Gladden Pass, steer 024 T to...

English

Many a vessel has sailed by this lovely cay that stands Tiger and Nancy enjoy being on remote Goffs Cay south of the entrance of the main shipping channel into Belize City from the Caribbean Sea. The cay has been a lighthouse and pilot station for many years. The white steel frame lighthouse, built in 1935, stands out against many palms. For directions through Eastern Channel, see Chapter 12. We anchored in 9 feet over sandy grass bottom directly west of the dock. You...

Puerto Barrios

See chart, Approach to Puerto Barrios, and regional chart at the beginning of this chapter, Punta Gorda to Puerto Barrios. Puerto Barrios stands at the northeast head of Santo Tom s Bay about 10 miles southeast of Livingston. From Livingston's flashing green sea buoy, steer a course of 127 T to just west of the Villedo Shoal flashing red light. When the light bears 043 T, turn to a course of 160 T towards the anchorage south of the large pier that extends west of town. Boats arriving from the...

Bahia Del Espiritu Santo

This chart is continuous with the Bahia de la Ascencion chart. See also folded chart inside rear cover. Bahia del Espiritu Santo is another large bay offering good anchorages behind the reef. It is located about 20 NM south of Bahia de la Ascencion, 65 NM north of Xcalak, and 35.5 NM north northwest of Cayo Norte on Chinchorro Bank. Foul bottom with depths less than 50 feet creates large confused seas about 1.5 to 2 miles off of Punta Herrero. A 75-foot...

Scuba Diving

A barrier reef extends from the tip of Contoy Island at the northeast tip of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, to Sapodilla Cay in southern Belize. This reef, often referred to as the Belizean Reef, stretches over 350 NM, making it the second largest barrier reef in the world. If that isn't enough, add four major offshore atolls each ringed by over 50 miles of coral with visibility at times reaching over 150 feet in Cozumel and along the walls of the offshore atolls. Note Visibility here refers to...

N

MveCVAC AKJ REEF O Y s MveCVAC AKJ REEF O Y s Vu W, IH M.Lr Rajo amp E White DOHC wrecked wooden sailboat lies in 3 feet depth west of the pier. This is a good fishing spot for grey snappers. There is about a 500-yard break in the reef just east of the Punta Allen settlement. Although we did not take soundings in this pass, we were told by locals that the pass has depths of 12 feet. We explored the harbor east of Punta Allen settlement and found numerous shoals with depths less than 4 feet. A...

Cay Chapel

Once a former coconut plantation, this lovely island has one of the prettiest beaches in all of Belize. Flat as a pancake, Cay Chapel measures 2 miles long by .5 mile wide. The island has been developed into the Pyramid Island Resort. American owner, Larry Addington, lives in Kentucky where his primary interest is coal mines. This self-contained resort is complete with two tennis courts, basketball, volleyball, ping-pong table, pool table, TV with VCR, and a golf driving range. There's a...