Designs by Paul Gartside and Joel White Commentary by Maynard Bray

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Jt has always seemed to me that the world of wooden boating is full of happy coincidences. Here's one I feel is important enough to share. It involves two of my favorite designers, one of whom is set up in Sidney, British Columbia, and the other right here where I live in Brooklin, Maine. Without knowing what the other was up to and working at drawing boards that were some 3,000 miles apart, Paul Gartside and Joel White created preliminary plans at almost the same time for double-ended, keel/centerboard sloops, nearly identical in size.

The boats are within a foot of being the same length overall, and have almost exactly the same 6-foot beam. Paul's, however, being a cruiser with a small trunk cabin and deeper hull, is expected to weigh about twice as much. For this reason, it should come as no surprise that he has given her considerably more sail area.

Paul's design was conceived to respond to what his client asked for, which was a canoe yawl. Beyond that, the inspiration came partly from a book on Albert Strange's wonderful work in designing boats of this type and partly on boats from Paul's country of origin. Paul grew up among the gaff-rigged working craft of England's Cornish coast, and you'll find other boats of his design carrying a mainsail of the same long-gaff, short-boom proportions. He prefers a single mast for its simplicity rather than adding the clutter of a tiny mizzen, with which most of the turn-of-the-century canoe yawls were fitted.

This boat's hull will be of conventional plank-on-steambent-frame construction, but with double planking — both layers running fore-and-aft with their seams offset from each other, Herreshoff and Nevins style. In West Coast fashion — Gartside now lives and works in the Pacific northwest — the deck is to be in two layers of red cedar. The lower layer is to run fore-and-aft and have the corners of its strakes chamfered on the underside for appearance; the upper layer is to be glued diagonally over the first, then sheathed with Dynel or fiberglass cloth laid in epoxy. The ballast is specified to be cast lead, located entirely outside where it will be needed for stability on this narrow hull. The centerboard will be of wood with enough lead cast into its lower edge to make it sink. Its L-shaped trunk will be out of the way and hidden from view below the floorboards in the cabin. The small portion that projects into the cockpit, although higher, will essentially be concealed under the seat platform.

Paul points out that the boat's Folkboat-sized cabin is intended for weekending, and, although quite usable, may seem cramped in light of today's expectations. There are two berths, stove and pantry flats, a bucket head between the berths, and storage forward for sails and the anchor rode.

The lines plan shows a lovely shape. Even before all the construction drawings are complete, it is apparent that this will be an unusually beautiful craft well able to carry on the canoe yawl tradition, albeit with a sloop rig.

Now let's look at Joel White's daysailer. Refreshingly handsome from all angles, the indicators point to its being super-swift as well. The lines plan shows her to have the firm bilges that centerboarders require for stability, and because much of her bilge shows above the water, the resulting narrow waterplane and low wetted surface will be helpful for speed in light weather. The buttocks and diagonals show no trace of a pot belly; they're straight enough to ensure minimum wave-making resistance, so the boat should easily reach her hull speed in moderate winds. As a relentless proponent of hollow waterlines, I am happy

Paul Gartside Designs
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Two Double-Enders to see that Joel has accomplished this at the stern as well as at the bow.

This boat's ballast also is all outside as a lead casting. Her centerboard, although made of wood to a foil shape, will be ballasted with a big piece of lead cast into its lower end. Not much of the centerboard trunk will show above the floorboards — really only a raised portion forward where the board's operating arm will be housed, and even some of that part will be under the deck.

As for construction, Joel recommends a cold-molded, or possibly DuraKore, hull to keep the weight down and to avoid plank shrinkage and leaks if the boat is dry-sailed. Her shallow draft and straight keel make trailering a real possibility. Joel plans to work out a tabernacle for the mast so it can be raised and lowered without too much trouble.

The rig is tall and efficient, and there's plenty of it. At first glance, in fact, the shallow and narrow hull's ability to carry this much sail might be questioned. But, fear not. Joel has had a good deal of experience with rig size vs. stability, and this boat, which carries about half her displacement as a ballast keel, will not be especially tender. But I'll wager she'll be especially fast.

Paul Gartside, 10305 W. Saanich Rd., RR #1, Sidney, BC, V8L 3R9, Canada.

Plans for Joel White's 23-foot centerboard sloop are available from The WoodenBoat Store, P. O. Box 78, Brooklin, ME 04616; 800-273-7447.

Particulars White Double-Ender

LOA

23'0"

LWL

18'8"

Beam

6'1"

Draft (cb up)

l'lO"

Draft (cb down)

5'9"

Displ

2,000 lbs

Sail area

193 sq ft

Joe/ White's double-ender: refreshingly handsome and the perfect daysailer.

Joe/ White's double-ender: refreshingly handsome and the perfect daysailer.

Paul Gartside Design
The drawings reveal firm bilges, and relatively straight buttock lines.

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