Headreaching And Weathering

It can be assumed that the yachts in the match are close-hauled standing on starboard tack on their first board in the beat for No. 1 markboat jibs have been purchased up till the luff is as straight as the forestay, peak purchased up, main tack bowsed down, topsail tack hauled down and sheeted home, and sails trimmed to the exact inch of sheet. The water is just squeezing through the lee scuppers, and the helmsman has plenty of weather helm to play upon in luffing to the free puffs. Two yachts...

Info

All the half-breadths are without the plank. All the half-breadths are without the plank. No. 1 section is 4ft. from the extreme fore side of stem. No. 5 section is 8ft 6in. from No. 4. No. 6 section is 3ft. 6in. from No. 5. Diagonal a is struck on the vertioal line o (Body Plan) 1ft. 6 in. above the L.W.L., and cuts the perpendiculars p p 9 in. above the L.W.L. at a 1 and a 2. Diagonal b is struok on the line o 8in. above the L.W.L., and outs p p 4in. below L.W.L. at h 1 and b 2. Diagonal e is...

Fhb

Cables for yaohts 110 Cambered keels 18 Cambria, her hollow masts 76 Canoes, aprons 421 building of, for oruising 430 cause of hanging to windward 417 416 classified 409 construction of 411 407 fitting double oentre boards and areas of the same 418 fitting single oentre-board 419 for paddling and sailing, description of 409 mast and tabernaole 422 Nautilus racing canoe of 1879 424 relative advantages of single and double oentre-boards 417 sail-carrying power of canoes 434 steering gear 420 tent...

Sprit Sails

Sprit sails formerly were in high favour, but during the last twenty years they have gradually fallen into disuse. It is still a favourite rig, however, among watermen, and they probably adhere to it because the sprit stretches the sail so flat. The old Ryde wherries, celebrated for their fine weatherly qualities, were sprit-rigged, but of late years they have generally adopted the gaff instead of the sprit. The advantages of the sprit over a gaff for setting a sail in a small boat cannot be...

Team Kiln

Of inoh deal must be nailed inside for the door to rest against. Before putting the door in its pl& oe, day or mortar should be smeared round the fillets to keep the door from leaking. The door need not be hinged, but can be kept in its place by a oross-bar of wood working through two staples driven into the ends of the ohest. The timbers will require steaming three or four hours before they are sufficiently pliable. They must be taken from the steam chest and fitted into the boat one by one...

Q

The ultimate conclusion is, that the particular rig will depend upon the size of the yacht, and for cruising the rig should be cutter up to 80 tons yawl from 80 to 150 tons schooner above that tonnage. In deciding on a yacht for racing, the first thing to exercise the mind is, of course, which is the best size to have A builder will not unnaturally recommend something very large something that one can live in with comfort and with all the luxuries of shore life, and at the same time strike an...

Lough Erne Yachts

The shallowness of the upper waters of Lough Erne, and the turbulence of the lower, have necessitated a kind of compromise between the shallow American centre-boarder and the deeper-bodied English yacht. A large fleet some thirty or forty of these centre-board yachts are on the Lough, and most of them were designed and built by their owners. The Witch (Plate XXIX.) was designed and built by Mr. Edward Saunderson, and is a very capable boat, both on the smooth and narrow water of the Upper Lake,...

List Of Plates

Double Centre III. Boat for Rowing and IV. Boats of 10ft., 12ft., 14ft., 15ft., and 20ft., Ditto 261 Y. Sail Plan for 17ft. VI. Sail Plan of Le Lison French Centre-Board Yacht 276 VII. Sail Plan Chinese Lug Sail VIII. Centre-Board Yacht Charm IX. Gunter Sprit Rig X. Brighton Beach Boat XI. Alert ' Centre-Board Yacht XII. Una Boats XIII. Elaine, New Brighton Boat XIV. Sail Plan of Elaine XV. Jabbbrwock, New Brighton Boat XVI. Windermere Yachts XVII. Windermere...

Tentonnebs

The design for the yacht of 5 tons can be nsed for one of 10 tons by multiplying all the linear measurements by 1.25 or by dividing the linear measurements by 0'8. Thus, take the length on the water-line of the 5-tonner as an example. The length is 32ft., then The cubic quantities will, of course be doubled, and it might appear to be a rather anomalous condition for a yacht of 10 tons racing tonnage to have 18 tons actual weight or displacement but such an apparent anomaly is very likely to...

K

P is the opening for the halyard j is the funnel. If other halyards are required, tail blocks can be made fast round the shoulders for them to run through. p is the opening for the halyard j is the funnel. If other halyards are required, tail blocks can be made fast round the shoulders for them to run through. The feature of this arrangement is that the topmast may be got on deck, or rather all that portion of it which is below the topsail-halyard sheave hole, leaving the pole and funnel, with...

Running Rigging

Jib Tack, Jib Halyards, and Jib Sheets. The jib tack requires to be of great strength, and is made indifferently, accordingly to the judgment of the person who has the fitting out of the yacht, of rope, chain, or flexible wire rope. Rope does very well in vessels under 40 tons, but wire is to be preferred, and it is found to stand better than chain. The jib tack t is fast to the traveller a (Pig. 37), and leads down through a sheave hole 8 at the bowsprit end (inside the cranse iron) a block is...

N N

Short pieces of rope attached to sails to secure the folds rolled up when reefing. (See page 114.) Reqf Tackle The tackle hooked to the reef pendants. Register. A certificate of ownership granted by the Registrar-General of Shipping. Registry. A register of all British ships kept by the Registrar-General of Shipping. When a ship is registered, the following documents must be produced (1) Certificate of Custom House measuring officer. (2) Certificate of Board of Trade Surveyor in...

Selecting a yacht

In selecting a yacht, a man, as in making other purchases, will be guided by his tastes and his means. If he is really fond of the sea, and looks forward to the sailing with the professional keenness of a middy or apprentice, his desire will be to get something which he can manage himself. If, on the other hand, the dawning yachtsman has boundless wealth, is a little of a sybarite, and determines to spend two or three months afloat because it is the fashion, he, too, will get a yacht to his...

Spars

A great many arbitrary and empirical rules have been from time to time proposed for the placing of masts in yachts, and for regulating their lengths but, as there appears to have been an inability to base these roles upon the actual stability of a vessel, they are little better than clever guesswork, and might very well prove fallacious in fact, a yacht is generally sparred upon what may be termed a principle of comparison. The builder, according to his judgment and experience (which generally...

Chapter Vi

Resistance and speed, and the influence of thames measurement. It has been assumed, in the last chapter, that the qualities of the two yachts as to form, upon which their resistance to motion depended, were equal, ill though one by reason of inferior stability might have much greater propulsive force than the other. Of course this equality of speed as dependent on form, need not necessarily exist, and in fact, at very high speeds, the resistance, due to form and other qualities, might vary very...

Itchen Boats

Thi boats of the Itcben Ferry fisherman have a very high reputation in the Solent, and no doubt they are of a superior model to many coast fishing craft. For many years match sailing amongst them has been an annual occurrence, and probably the contests on these occasions, combined with the true racing spirit which animates all the Itchen-Ferry-men, have tended to produce and maintain a model adapted for speed and the nature of the work the boats are put to has happily prevented their sterling...

Fishing Boat Design Peculiarities

It will be noted that the length of the design given in the table is 80ft. 4in. the odd inches would disqualify the boat for the 30ft. class, and in building it would be necessary to bring the sternpost upright from the keel, so that the length on the deck line did not exceed the 30ft. limit. The 30ft. design and the 27ft. design being identical, we need make no remark about it, further than say that Mr. Shergold in making it was fully impressed with the desire that she was to beat the whole...

Nautilus Canoes

British canoeing includes such various branches of work, and so many forms of canoes, each adapted particularly to its own branch and generally to all the others, that a consideration of canoe designs can hardly be successfully entered upon without first glancing at the rules and practices which at present guide the members of the Boyal Canoe Club, who form the majority of British canoeists. To construct a concise definition to comprehend a canoe is not an easy matter. No doubt the rules of the...

K K

The water inside a vessel, which in flat-floored crafts may rest in the bilge. BiU. A point of land also the extreme points of the flukes of an anchor. Bill Boards. Pieces of wood fitted to the bow of a vessel to protect the plank from the fluke of the anohor. Bill of Health. A document wherein it is certified that the oondition of the crew is healthy or otherwise. Hence a clean bill of health means that all the crew are free from disorders, and a foul bill of health the contrary....

Rounding Marks

By the Y.R.A. rule, yachts must give each other room at marks, but a yacht is not justified in attempting to establish an overlap at the last moment, when it may be impossible for the outside yacht to give room. A yacht in rounding a mark, whether she is hauling round or wearing round, always deadens her way more or less, and if a yacht is close astern so as to be only just clear, it is quite easy for her to make an overlap but this is just what she is not allowed to do. The overtaking yacht...