Dhiavlos Makronisou

15.2 Dhiavlos Makronisou (37 40'N., 24 05'E.) lies at the SW entrance to Kolpos Petalion and leads between the rugged and irregular coast of the mainland, on the W side, and the island of Makronisos, on the E side. The principal dangers in this channel, which has a least width of 1.5 miles, are Ifalos Passa, Ifalos Makri and Ifalos Tripiti. The central fairway is deep and clear. Makronisos (37 42'N., 24 08'E.) is a hilly and rugged island with cliffy coasts. Korifi Tripiti, 281m high, is the...

Nisos Samos

19.1 Nisos Samos (37 45'N., 26 50'E.), separated from the Turkish coast by Samos Strait, is a mountainous island fronted in several places by small islets. Oros Kerketevs, the summit of the island, is 1,434m high and stands near the W end. This mountain has three barren peaks composed of white rock which, in sunlight, give the appearance of snow. The W peak is slightly higher than the others and a small chapel stands on the S peak. Oros Karvounis stands near the middle of the island. This...

Kriti West Coast

6.23 Akra Lendos (35 18'N., 23 31'E.), 43m high, is located 1.7 miles N of Nisis Elafonisi. This salient point is surrounded by rocks and a conspicuous monastery, comprised of a church with a belfry and a chapel, is situated 0.8 mile N of it. The monastery stands on a low rocky mound near the middle of the head of a small bay. The W coast of Kriti, extending N of Akra Lendos, is indented by several small bays and is mostly fringed by rocks which lie close inshore. Akra Touzoula (35 28'N., 23...

Antalya Korfezi to Fethiye Korfezi

5.21 Finike Korfezi (36 16'N., 30 16'E.), an open bay, is entered between Yardimci Burnu (Taslik Burnu) and Bunda Burnu, 14 miles WNW. A small inlet lies on its E side and the town of Finike stands on its W side. Finike (36 18'N., 30 09'E.), a small harbor, fronts the town and is protected by two moles. A jetty, 80m long, has depths of 3 to 5m alongside and is used by coasters, ferries, small craft, and yachts with local knowledge. The port monitors VHF channel 16. Anchorage can be taken, in...

Bur Said Port Said N E

2.19 Bur Sa'id (Port Said), a principal port, lies at the entrance to Qanat el Suweis (Suez Canal). It is protected by breakwaters and consists of several basins which lie along the main waterway. The city of Bur Sa'id is situated on the W side of the harbor and the large suburb of Bur Fu'ad (Port Fouad), which includes a free zone, is situated on the E side. All vessels entering and leaving the canal pass through Bur Sa'id. Shallow-draft vessels enter through the main harbor and deep-draft...

Nisos Sivota to Kep I Kefali

8.25 Notion Stenon Kerkiras (39 21'N., 20 12'E.), a strait, leads into Corfu Channel and is entered between Akra Asprokavos, the SE extremity of Nisos Kerkira and Nisos Sivota. The W side of the approach is obstructed by the foul ground which extends up to 2 miles seaward of Akra Aspro-kavos. The E side of the approach is clear and deep, having general depths of 55 to 73m. The E side of Notion Stenon Kerkiras, between Nisos Sivota and Kep i Stilo, 20 miles NNW, is very irregular and is in...

Mersin N E

5.12 Mersin, a large port, lies at the head of Mersin Korfezi, 2 miles W of Karadivar. The harbor is protected by extensive breakwaters. Winds Weather. High winds, occasionally reaching gale force, are frequent during the winter. Morning fogs occur often during the summer, but rarely affect vessel traffic. Tides Currents. The tidal rise is negligible, being only 0.3m at springs. Winds from the S and W may raise the water level by as much as 0.6m, while winds from the N and E may lower it by a...

Nisos Lesvos

20.1 Nisos Lesvos (39 15'N., 26 15'E.), lying close off the Turkish coast, is mountainous throughout with some well-wooded hills. Prominent peaks include Oros Ordhimnos, 512m high, which stands near the W end of the island Oros Olimbos, 968m high, which stands in the SE part and Oros Lebetimnos, 968m high, which stands in the N part. A prominent monastery is reported to stand on the summit of Oros Ordhimnos. This island lies on the N side of the approach to Candarli Korfezi and in the SW...

Thermaikos Kolpos

17.1 Thermaikos Kolpos (40 00'N., 23 00'E.), a large gulf, is entered between Akra Sipias, the NW entrance point of Dhiavlos Skiathou, and Akra Paliourion, 47 miles NNE. Kolpos Thessalonikis, at the head of this gulf, leads to the port of Thessaloniki. The land on the SW side of the gulf presents a magnificent range of mountains with several conspicuous peaks. The land on the NE side is also mountainous, but the peaks are not so high. The head of the gulf is backed by low and marshy land...

Khalij al Sallum to Al Iskandariyah

2.3 Ras Hulaymah (31 38'N., 25 55'E.), the E entrance point of Khalij as Sallum, is located 38 miles E of Bay of Sallum. A main light is shown from this point. A racon is situated at the light. Between Ras Hulaymah and Ras Alam ar Rum, 76 miles ESE, the coast is low, rocky, and backed by small sandhills. The land in the vicinity of Ras Hulaymah gradually rises from the coast. A conspicuous beacon is situated inland, 0.5 mile E of the light. Sidi Barrani, a village, is situated close SE of the...

Banghazi to Marsa Tubruq

1.21 Banghazi Petroleum Terminal (3211'N., 20 05.1'E.) is situated 4.3 miles NE of the port of Banghazi and 0.3 mile SW of Al Minqar al Kabir (Mengar es-Seghir). It consists of a jetty which extends about 1 mile NW from the shore and has two berthing platforms. The first platform, at the head, has a depth of 15m alongside and can accommodate vessels of 1,000 to 10,000 dwt. The second platform, situated 650m from the shore, can accommodate vessels of 500 to 9,000 dwt. A power station, with three...

Saronikos Kolpos East Side

13.10 Akra Sounion (37 39'N., 24 02'E.), the SE entrance point of Saronikos Kolpos, is formed by a high headland. It is surmounted by the conspicuous ruins of a temple which consist of about fifteen columns of white marble. A rocky shoal, with a least depth of 6m, lies close off the SW side of the point. Limin Sounion, a cove, lies on the W side of Akra Sounion and provides shelter for small craft with local knowledge during N winds. Anchorage can be taken, in depths of 7 to 11m, in the center...

Vorios Evvoikos Kolpos

15.17 Vorios Evvoikos Kolpos (38 45'N., 23 15'E.), 42 miles long, lies between the N entrance of Porthmos Evripou and the SE entrance of Maliakos Kolpos. Both sides of this gulf are generally steep-to and clear of dangers. Violent gusts of wind sometimes descend from the Kandhilion Oros range, which stands along the E side of the gulf, during NE and N winds. Heavy squalls may also be expected to blow down from the high land at the SW side of the gulf. Akra Kakokefali (38 29'N., 23 36'E.), a...

Nisos Kefallinia South Coast

8.2 Nisos Kefallinia (38 10'E., 20 35'E.), the largest of the Ionian Islands, lies in the W approach to Patraikos Kolpos. The island is mountainous and irregular in shape. Oros Ainos, its summit, is 1,618m high and stands in the S part of the island. Argostolion, the largest town, is situated in the W part of the island and fronted by a roadstead which can be used by large vessels. Akra Mounda (38 04'N., 20 47'E.), the SE extremity of the island, consists of a steep cliff, 30m high, which...

Coastal Features Fener Burnu Huseyin to Samos Strait

18.22 Chuka Channel (Cuka Bogazi) (36 58'N., 27 11'E.) lies between the NE side of Nisos Pserimos and the islands fronting the mainland shore. This passage is 6 miles long and leads NW from Kos Channel. The border between Greece and Turkey lies in the vicinity of this passage. Ince Burnu (37 08'N., 27 15'E.), the NW extremity of an irregularly-shaped peninsula, is located 10 miles N of Fener Burnu (Huseyin), the NW entrance point of Kos Channel, which has been previously described in paragraph...

Kikladhes Nisoi West Group

14.2 Nisos Milos (36 41'N., 24 27'E.), a mountainous island, is almost divided into two parts by Ormos Milou, an extensive bay. When approached from the NW, it has the appearance of two peaked hills. Korifi Profitis Ilias, the summit of the island, stands near the SW end and is 751m high. The surface of the island is rugged and bare, while the valleys and low-lying areas are fertile. There are thermal springs on the island and extensive mineral deposits. Nisis Paximadhi (36 38'N., 24 19'E.),...

Lakonikos Kolpo West Side

12.3 Akra Tainaron (36 23'N., 22 29'E.), the W entrance point of Lakonikos Kolpos, is the S extremity of a small peninsula. This small peninsula has an isthmus, 3.2 miles wide, at its N end and forms the S end of Peloponnisos. It appears as a triangular or wedge-shaped island when seen from the E or W. When the summit of this small peninsula is below the horizon, Ori Miniatika, a flat-topped mountain, may still be identified. This conspicuous peak stands 10.5 miles NNW of the point and is...

Siros Syros N E

14.29 Limin Sirou, a bay forming a natural harbor, lies at the E side of Nisos Siros and is protected by two breakwaters. The town of Siros, also known as Ermoupolis, stands along the N and W sides of the bay and from seaward gives the appearance of two distinct conical hills which are covered with white houses and surmounted by churches. The bay may be approached by passing SW or N of Nisis Dhidhimi Nisis Gaidharos . Depths Limitations. The N side of the harbor, including the breakwater, is...

Saronikos Kolpos West Side

13.2 Akra Skillaion 37 26'N., 23 32'E. is the SW entrance point of Saronikos Kolpos. Nisidhes Tselevinia, the islets lying close off this point, are fully described with Kolpos Idhras in paragraph 12.25. Akra Aliki is located at the E side of a small bay 3.6 miles NW of Akra Skillaion. The coast between is fronted by rocks in many places. Nisis Bourtzi, 20m high, lies 0.4 mile NNW of Akra Aliki and is surmounted by an ancient fort. Ifalos Mavro-kordhatou lies about 0.6 mile ENE of the islet....

El Hamra El Alamein Oil Terminal N E

2.8 El Hamra El Alamein Oil Terminal lies in the SW part of Khalij al 'Arab in the vicinity of Ras ash Shaqiq, a point located 4 miles SE of Ras Jubaysah. Winds Weather. The prevailing winds are from the W, NW, and N. During the windiest months, February and July, the maximum velocity of the wind is 24 knots, except during local windstorms. In the least windy months, May and October, the winds rarely exceed a velocity of 19 knots. Waves, the direction of which is directly related to the wind,...

Nisos Rodhos Northwest Coast

6.6 Akra Kopria 36 16'N., 27 48'E. is located 9 miles NE of Akra Armenistisis. The coast between is mostly high and rocky. From Akra Kopria to Akra Milon Akra Zonari , 23 miles ENE, the coast consists of a sandy beach. A prominent ruined castle stands close E of Akra Kopria. The village of Kastello, situated 1.3 miles SE of the castle, is hardly visible from seaward, but several conspicuous windmills stand in its vicinity. Langonia, a small bay, lies 1 mile NE of Akra Kopria and is sheltered...

Kriti North Coast

6.25 Kolpos Kissamou 35 36'N., 23 39'E. , a gulf, is entered between the NW end of Nisis Agria Gramvousa and Akra Spatha, 8 miles ENE. Akra Spatha Akra Spathi is the N extremity of Khersonisos Rodhopou, a high peninsula. This point can easily be identified by a cone-shaped peak, 369m high, which surmounts its bluff extremity. Onikhas, the summit of the peninsula, is 748m high and stands 5.7 miles S of Akra Spatha. Akra Nisi, surmounted by a prominent church, lies on the E side of the gulf 6...

Amvrakikos Kolpos

8.16 Amvrakikos Kolpos 38 58'N., 20 58'E. , an extensive landlocked body of water, is entered N of Akra Akra, which is located at the NE end of Stenon Prevezis. A buoy marks the extreme N boundary of shoals NE of Cape Akra Akra. Caution should be exercised while navigating in this area due to numerous shoals and depths less than 5m in the vicinity of the N coast of Cape Akra Akra. The shoreline of this gulf is very irregular, being indented by numerous coves and small bays. The S and E coasts...

Kvarner and Approaches

11.34 Otok Susak 44 31'N., 14 18'E. , the S and outer island in the approaches to Kvarner, is bold and mostly flat. Its extremities are fronted by shallow banks. A main light is shown from a prominent structure, 12m high, surmounting the summit which rises near the center of the island. The village of Susak, with a prominent belfry, is situated in a cove at the NE side of the island. Otok Unije 44 38'N., 14 15'E. , a long and irregular shaped island, lies with Rt Vnetak, its SW extremity,...

Nisis Oxia to the Levkas Canal

8.10 Akra Oxia 38 17'N., 21 06'E. forms the NW entrance point of Patraikos Kolpos and is fully described in paragraph 7.15. Potamos Akheloos, the largest river in Greece, flows into the sea 1.5 miles N of the N end of Nisis Oxia. The bar, which lies across the narrow entrance, has a depth of 0.6m and breaks during SW winds. A low and grassy island lies in the mouth and forms two narrow entrance channels. Sand banks, nearly awash, border these channels on either side. The river has depths of 2.5...

Nisos Kerkira Corfu

8.20 Nisos Kerkira Corfu 39 30'N., 19 54'E. , the most important of the Ionian Islands and the second largest, lies a short distance off the mainland near the boundary of Greece and Albania. This island is extremely mountainous throughout most of its area. Oros Pandokrator, 911m high, is the summit of the island and stands in the NE part. Akra Asprokavos Cape Bianco 39 22'N., 20 07'E. , the SE extremity of Nisos Kerkira, is composed of high white cliffs. Shoals front this cape and extend up to...

Dhiavlos Karpathou Dhiavlos Kasou

6.8 Vessels approaching the Aegean Sea from the SE use either Dhiavlos Karpathou Scarpanto Strait or Dhiavlos Kasou Kaso Strait , depending on their destination. Dhiavlos Karpathou leads N between Rodhos, on the E side, and Nisos Karpathos and Nisis Saria, on the W side. Dhiavlos Kasou leads N between Nisos Kasos, on the E side, and Kriti, on the W side. Both of these straits are deep and clear of dangers in their central parts. A bank, with a depth of 67m, lies in the center of Dhiavlos Kasou,...

Argolikos Kolpos

12.17 Argolikos Kolpos 37 15'N., 23 00'E. , an extensive gulf, is entered between Akra Sambatikis and Nisos Spetsai, 10 miles ENE, and is bounded on both sides by mountains. The slightly irregular W shore is low in places while the E shore is indented by several bays and is fronted by several islands. Navplio, a port, lies at the head of the gulf. In Argolikos Kolpos during the summer the land and sea breezes are very irregular. The sea breeze, which normally reaches a force of from 4 to 5 at...

Nisoi Vorioi Sporadhes

16.5 Nisos Skiros 38 53'N., 24 30'E. , the SE and largest island of Nisoi Vorioi Sporadhes, is mountainous, with a low valley extending across the middle. Oros Kokhilas, 792m high, is the summit and stands in the S part of the island. The high mountains in the SE part are intercepted by deep gullies and are rugged except near their peaks, which are covered with trees. The NW part of the island, although mountainous, is wooded and cultivated. The shores of the island are fronted by small islets,...

Kikladhes Nisoi North Central Group

14.20 Nisis Strongilo 36 57'N., 24 58'E. , 187m high, is a bold and rugged islet which is marked by a light on its SW side. A shoal patch, with a depth of 4.6m, lies about 0.9 mile N of the N extremity of this islet. Nisis Dhespotiko is 195m high and is marked by a light at its E extremity. This islet lies close E of Nisis Strongilo and is separated from it by a deep channel, 0.4 mile wide. Nisos Andiparos 37 00'N., 25 03'E. , 300m high, is a relatively flat island. A large grotto, considered...

Korinthiakos Kolpos

7.17 Korinthiakos Kolpos is entered from the W through a narrow strait, which is known as The Narrows Stenon Rion and is connected to Saronikos Kolpos by Dhiorix Korinthou Corinth Canal . This canal shortens the route from the E part of Greece to the W part by about 150 miles. The main passage through the center of this gulf is clear of dangers. Winds Weather. The NW wind blowing during the summer raise a considerable sea in the E part of the gulf, but at night it is usually calm. In the W part...

Tarabulus Tripoli N oE

3.18 Tarabulus Tripoli , a large city, extends E of Al Mina and contains numerous high-rise buildings. The port complex fronts the N shore of the city and consists of a harbor basin, protected by a breakwaters at the W end, and an offshore tanker terminal at the E end. Deep-draft vessels frequently transfer cargo to lighters in the roadstead close N of the harbor basin. Winds Weather. Port operations in the roadstead are usually suspended for up to 20 days from December through March as a...