Butang Islands

A group of two major islands and a number of minor islands lying off the NE corner of Langkawi making them an easy day hop from the W side of Langkawi. The approach from the SE is straightforward although Hin Takon Chet is difficult to spot until close to. There are numerous anchorages around the islands. 1. Ko Lipe S side Anchor in the bay on the S side in 10-20m. The depths come up quickly to the fringing reef which is irregular so it pays to have a lookout aloft. The bottom is sand with some...

Muar River Sungai Muar

About 20M S of Malacca is the Muar River which has been used by a number of yachts. There is a bar over the mouth of the river with reported depths of just over one metre at low tide. Yachts normally cross from 3 hours plus on the flood and report no problems. The channel is reported to be marked. You can anchor off the town of Muar just inside the entrance. The officials are reported to be friendly and most things can be obtained in the town. It is about 45 minutes by bus to Malacca.

Similan Islands

This group of islands lies just over 50M NW of Patong on the W coast of Phuket. With clear seas between Phuket and the islands the best policy is to leave around midnight arriving sometime in the morning. This has the advantage of picking up the offshore land breeze and NE monsoon to give a close reach to the group. A light is exhibited on Ko Similan, Fl(3)20sl7M. The islands are a national park and the water around them is exceptionally clear. Not surprisingly they are popular with diveboat...

Admiral Marina

A large marina and apartment complcx in an advanced stage of completion approximately 2lA miles SE of Port Dickson. The approach should be made from the W and not directly from Port Dickson because of shoal water and several coral patches. Care is also needed of a shoal patch (least depth l-2m) lying approximately 1M SW of the entrance. Conspicuous The large high rise buildings of Marina Crescent at the SE end of the marina will be seen. The Marina Club building also stands out well. By night...

Raffles Marina

The marina lies on the SW of Singapore Island a short distance up the Johor Strait. Merambong Islet is best left to port to avoid the Merambong Spit Data 165 berths. Visitors berths. Max LOA 20m+8 megayacht berths. Berth Where directed. Finger pontoons. Shelter Good all-round shelter. Authorities Harbourmaster and marina staff. Charge band 2. Services Water and electricity at all berths. Shower and toilet block. Fuel Fuel quay. Repairs 70-ton travel-hoist. Covered workshops. Mechanical and...

Prevailing winds

This section covers winds over the open seas away from thermal effects generated by land masses and strong winds generated by depressions or tropical storms. For details on coastal winds there is a section included in the general information on the specific country. For information on tropical storms and cyclones and the ITCZ refer to the relevant sections which follow. The prevailing winds in the Indian Ocean can be conveniently sliced into those in the northern and southern Indian Ocean...

Lumut Dinding River and Kamphong Bahru

Lumut is the town inside the mouth of the river where there is a naval base and the Lumut Yacht Club with pontoon berths and some laid moorings. Further up the Dinding River there is Changs with laid moorings and posts to dry out on and further on up is Kamphong Bahru where there are laid moorings off the G7 chalet camp. Three channels lead into the Dinding River as shown on the plan. The two easiest and deepest channels are the S Channel entered from the S end of Pangkor Island leading inside...

Nishtun

The oil tanks and installations at the port are easily identified. By night Can be made with care. The light on the promontory is F1.9sl8M and the end of the pier is lit F1.R.3S. VHP The port authorities and pilots listen out on Ch 13, 16 (0700-1400). Anchor in the NE of the bay in 2-5m under the lee of the promontory. A swell works its way around into the bay so it may be worthwhile putting out a stern anchor to hold the bows into the swell. Shelter Good in NE monsoon...

Rebak Marina

Kentot India

The marina is situated on the S side of Pulau Rebak Besar. The entrance to the marina is difficult to see even when quite close to. It is situated at 06 17'-44N 99 41'-68E WGS 84. Conspicuous A building with a red roof to the E will be seen. Close in the breakwater protecting the channel will be seen. By night The entrance and channel are lit and a night approach should be straightforward. Entrance Fl.G.5s Fl.R.5s. Channel beacons Q.RQ.G. VHF Try Ch 16 or 69. Dangers Yachts drawing 2m plus...

Ko Tarutao

The large island directly N of the NW corner of Langkawi. Like the Butang Islands it can be reached in a day sail from the W coast of Langkawi. The island is a national park and fishing in the vicinity of the island is prohibited although this does not seem to deter Thai trawlers which fish intensively all around the island. In fact the trawlers are so thick on the sea at times that you will have to zigzag your way around them to get between Tarutao and Langkawi. Rangers are stationed on the...

Radio weather services

Indonesia (Sumatera) Humai (PKP) Navigational warnings 8457kHz at 0100, 1300. 12682-5kHz at 0230, 0630. 17184-8kHz at 0500. In English Belawan (PKB) Navigational warnings 8686kHz at 0200, 0600, 1100, 1300. 129705kHz at 0230, 0630. 16861-7kHz at 0600, 1400. In English 8705-5kHz at 0100, 0500, 0900, 1130 in English Indonesia (Jawa) Jakarta (PKX) (E) Weather messages 8542, 12970-5, 2690kHz at 1100. Storm warnings, 24h Fcst, synopsis and analysis in English for Indonesian waters and China Sea....

Phang Nga

Phang-Nga Bay is the large area between the east coast of Phuket and the mainland coast around to Krabi. The whole bay is peppered with islands and islets and most of the water is comparatively shallow making anchoring an easy prospect. The islands and islets are simply spectacular, tall limestone pinnacles covered in jungle and surrounded by green waters. Many of the islands have hongs, the collapsed cave systems which are accessible from the sea at low tide. Wandering along a dark tunnel...

Gas

In most main centres gas bottles can be refilled IF the depot has the right connector. For this reason it is a good idea to carry a collection of connectors which can simply be plumbing adapters whereby you can alternate between male and female thread sizes. The only alternative to this is to drain gas from local bottles into your own, a procedure which should only be carried out in a well ventilated area which cigarette smokers are banned from. Draining seems to have varying degrees of...

Malaysia

Malaysia is a stable democracy although it has always been under the sway of the ruling party, the United Malay National Organisation (UMNO), since independence. The present Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Mahathir Mohamad, usually known as Dr Matathir, rules with an iron hand and is known for his Malay chauvinism and outspoken opposition to Western values, although none of this affects the visitor who will recognise many old British institutions and practices in the countjy. By and large the...

Ao Chalong

The approach is a bit unnerving the first time because of the shallow depths and large extent of coral and mud-flats fringing the bay and Ko Lon, but on subsequent approaches it is straightforward. There are two passages into Ao Chalong on the W or E sides of Ko Lon. Conspicuous The islands in the approaches are fairly easy to identify. The large Phuket Island Resort Hotel on the W side of the W channel is easily identified and the buildings around the NW side of the bay and the numerous yachts...

Burma

Burma has been promoting its tourist potential for a number of years with 1996 officially 'Visit Myanmar Year'. At the time of writing this promotion of its tourist appeal does not include visits by yachts and it is prohibited to enter Burmese waters in a private yacht. The archipelago of islands and indented mainland coast extending from the Thai border to the mouth of the Irrawaddy and the Cheduba archipelago down from the Bangladesh-Burma border makes a mouth-watering cruising prospect. The...

W Cocos Keeling to Sri Lanka Galle

NP38 West Coast of India Pilot Cocos Keeling to Sri Lanka (Galle) 1480M Season August to December Tropical storms November to April in southern Indian Ocean April to December in the Bay of Bengal. This transequatorial route is pretty much clear of the tropical storm zones although even on the fringes the effects of a tropical storm can be felt with winds and especially big seas. The chances of a tropical storm once N of the equator are next to non-existent....

Darwin AXI Facsimile

5755 10 0900-2300 7535 10 0900-2300 10555 10 H24 15615 10 2300-0900 18060 10 2300-0900 Map Area 30 N 120 E 30 N 180 30 N 70 E 30 N 130 E 35 S 120 E 35 S 180 35 S 70 E 35 S 130 E 30 N 70 E 30 N 180 29 N 96 E 34 N 142 E 35 S 70 E 35 S 180 43 S 110 E34 S 155 E Information notice 0045 IPS recommended fx for 0100 AXM (on WT(HF) plain language) Surface Anal. 500 hPa Anal. Darwin tropics significant WX Prog. 0200(00) 1515(12) 0215(18) 0715(00) 1300(06) 0245(00) 0845(06) 1430(12) 2015(18) 0300(00)...

Maldives

The islands have been a republic since 1968 when the sultanate was abolished. It is a stable country even though there has been discontent amongst the young. In 1988 a coup was put down with help from the Indian government. Normal ships papers and a valid passport for all crew members must be carried. Most foreign nationals do not need a visa and will be given 30 days on arrival. Yachts must go to Male first to clear in where a permit will be issued. On arrival at Male call up on VHF Ch 16 and...

Eritrea and the Hanish Islands

In December 1995 Eritrea invaded the Hanish Islands which had traditionally been regarded as Yemeni territory. I was in fact in the Hanish Islands just a couple of days before the invasion and heard of it on the BBC World Service between the Hanish and Bab El Mandeb. The occupation of the islands has effectively put them out of bounds to yachts and there have been reports of a yacht being fired on in the vicinity of the islands since the invasion. Since the Eritreans use small craft it could be...

Nairobi YE Facsimile

Note Transmission is centred 1900Hz above the registered frequencies. It is intended for the broadcasts to be received within a 3000 n miles radius of Nairobi Map Areas B 1 15 000 000 (a) C 1 7 500 000 (a) 55 N 20 W 55 N 90 E 22 N 25 E 22 N 60 E 35 S 20 W 35 S 90 W 02 S 25 E 02 S 60 E 30 N 15 E 30 N 70 E 20 N 30 S 15 E 30 S 70 E 30 S Schedule Test chart B 24h 500 hPa Prog. 24h 300 hPa Prog. 24h 250 hPa Prog. 24h 200 hPa Prog. D Surface Anal. Upper air Anal. 24h change of pressure variation 24h...

Anchorages around Langkawi archipelago

Proceeding from the NW corner and going anticlockwise. Burait Hay In the NW corner of the large bay with the airport extension (Airport Bay) there are two coves on either side of Pulau Anak Burau which give good shelter with the NE monsoon. Anchor in 3-5m on either side of the islet. Ashore there are restaurants and bars at the resort. Airport Bay The extension of Langkawi Airport runway into the bay necessitated the construction of two breakwaters to protect the runway proper. There arc...

Northern Indian Ocean

The Doldrums Indian Ocean Map

The northern Indian Ocean is dominated by the NE and SW monsoons. Although there are other areas which have monsoon seasons, the northern Indian Ocean is the archetype of the monsoon and indeed the name comes from the Arabic mawsim meaning a fixed season. The word monsoon applies equally to the prevailing winds and to the characteristics of the season in terms of rainfall, cloud cover and temperature. The NE monsoon is known as the cool season and is generally dry with clear skies and moderate...

Bombay

Visibility in the approaches from some distance out is generally bad from local industry, cooking fires and the general air pollution in Bombay from motor vehicles and other sources. Conspicuous There are numerous oil rigs in the approaches from 80-90M off the coast in the case of the Bombay High Oilfield Development Area. The approach route for commercial vessels is cither due E to Bombay or around 20M off the coast from the NNW and 10-15M off the coast from the SSW. BA 1487 should be...

India

India has been a stable democracy, in fact the largest democracy in the world, since independence in 1948. However some of the problems of secession unresolved at the time remain to this day. There are still numbers of minority groups in India, principally in Kashmir and the Punjab. The stand-off between Pakistan and India also causes some internal friction and it may surprise some to know that there are still large numbers of Muslims and Christians in a predominantly Hindu society. In some...

Passages eastabout

Passages eastabout are less common than the westabout trade winds route. Yachts will choose an eastabout passage if they want to get directly from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean, to get from east Africa to other cruising grounds, or to get quickly back to Australasia and the Pacific from the bottom of South Africa. Charts are small scale British Admiralty (BA) with a few exceptions where charts from another Hydrographic department are routinely used. Sailing directions are British...

Boat Lagoon

A marina built inside the mangroves with a 2km long winding channel from the sea marked by beacons. For most craft drawing more than l-5m it Boat lagoon tucked up inside the mangroves is best to go in on a rising tide. Craft drawing up to 2-5m can enter although it is planned to dredge the channel so that deeper draught craft can enter. The seaward end of the channel is located under Laem Yamu and NW of Ko Rang. The beacons are not easy to make out, but closer in will be easily identified. If...

Yemen

North and South Yemen have had a number of civil wars over the last ten years. With the collapse of the Soviet Union the north has sought to unify with the once communist but now more liberal south. The last confrontation was in 1994 and during the fighting Aden was bombed. Foreign nationals, including yachtsmen, were evacuated. Two yachts were damaged in the fighting and sunk in the harbour. There were no casualties. When the fighting was over efforts were made by the harbour authorities to...

Port Klang Kelang

The approach is through the S Channel (Selang Klang Lumut) or through the N Channel (Selang Klang Utara). Both channels are deep (8-1 lm at MLWS) and marked by buoys or beacons into Port Klang. Conspicuous The entrance to both channels is difficult to identify from the distance. The islands and coast are fringed with low-lying mangrove. Once up to the channel entrance the buoys (green conical and red can buoys) can be identified and lead to the North Port. The chimneys of the power station on...

Pangkor Island

Billik Ldg Lts 351 15' Front Oc(3)20s9M Rear DINDING RIVER - LUMUT TO KAMPONG BAHRU -0-04 17'-77N 100 40'-12E WGS 84 VHF Ch 69 for anyone listening on a yacht upriver. Ch 16 for harbourmaster at Lumut. Dangers Large numbers of fishing boats including large trawlers are based here and numerous ferries criss-cross back and forth from Lumut to Pangkor. A good lookout needs to be kept in the immediate approaches and the channels. It is not always wise to follow the ferries and local boats which...

Kuah Bass Harbour

The approach can be made from the SW through the islands or from the SSE through Selat Kuah. Care is needed over patches of shoal water in the approaches in both channels. Conspicuous From either channel the islands can be identified with care. From the SSE the light structure on Pulau Enggang will be seen. Once into the SW channel the modern lighthouse (an inverted white cone shape) on Pulau Kedera stands out well. From some distance off the modern developments around Kuah waterfront will be...

W Cocos Keeling to Rodrigues Mauritius and Runion

NP39 South Indian Ocean Pilot Cocos Keeling to Rodrigues (Port Mathurin) 1985M Cocos Keeling to Mauritius (Port Louis) 2330M Cocos Keeling to R union (Port des Galets) 2460M Season May to October Tropical storms November to April For this passage it is important that the voyage is planned well clear of the cyclone season and with time in hand to leave the area for east Africa before the onset of the cyclone season. The three Mascarene Islands of Rodrigues,...

The Indian Ocean and the limits and purpose of this book

The Indian Ocean is the third largest ocean after the Pacific and Atlantic. It is divided into two by the equator with a collection of seas in the northern Indian Ocean and the large mass of the southern Indian Ocean stretching down to the Southern Ocean. In this book I take this easy division of the northern and southern Indian Oc an as the dividing line for the various chapters. Starting in the east the first section covers the northern Indian Ocean and the countries westabout from Singapore...

Port Dickson

An anchorage on the S side of the settlement. To the S of Port Dickson is the new development of Admiral Marina. The approach is best made from the W between the Arang beacon topmark and the buoy marking the pipeline running out from the coast 0-6M to the N. There is also an inner passage between Bambek Shoal and the coast which has good depths. Care is needed of Bambek Shoal to the NW of Port Dickson which is extensive and has a significant part of it with less than lm depths. In the immediate...

W Phuket to Sri Lanka Galle and via the Andamans Port Blair

Port Phuket

Pilots NP21 Bay of Bengal Pilot, NP38 West Coast of India Pilot Phuket to Sri Lanka Galle 1100M Phuket to Andamans Port Blair 410M Andamans Port Blair to Sri Lanka Galle 850M Season January to March although yachts sometimes leave in December. Tropical storms May to December Once clear of the wind shadow of Thailand the NE monsoon blowing at 12-20kn gives a fast passage to Sri Lanka. Yachts normally pass through the Great Channel between Great Nicobar Island and the N end of Sumatra, but can...

Pulau Payar Marine Park

The isolated group of islands lying approximately 14M SE of Pulau Enggang in the SE approaches to Langkawi. The relatively high islands Payar is 88m are easily identified from the S or N. The islands are a marine reserve and there are moorings for yachts off the SE side of Pulau Payar. Although an open anchorage it is normally comfortable enough in the NE monsoon. Report to the reserve rangers on arrival. KUAH- j gt 06o18'-58N 99 50'-9E WGS 84 88 Dayang Bunting, Pulau Tuba and Pulau Singa Besar...

New Mangalore Harbour

New Mangalore harbour is a large all-weather commercial port N of Mangalore proper. The cranes and gantries at the port and oil storage tanks and a large steelworks near the harbour are all conspicuous. The entrance channel dredged to 12-5m is buoyed. By night Lg Lts on 078 56' Front Q.6M Rear Oc.lOs6M Authorities Harbourmaster and customs. Immigration in Mangalore. Water and fuel can be arranged. The port is within an easy taxi ride of Mangalore proper. The harbour is not somewhere you would...

Ras Fartak

This prominent cape is usually mentioned as the point to head for to pick up a good slant during the NE monsoon when making a passage eastabout towards India and Sri Lanka. Here the NE monsoon will be more NNE-NE, rather than E-ESE, and there is also the chance of N or NW winds. MacPherson picked up a solid NE here and N at night at the end of December and so shaped his course to the Laccadives from Ras Fartak. Khaysart on the S side of Ras Fartak is used by trading dhows. It was at one time...

Ao Nang Krabi

Yachts do not actually go to Krabi itself, but to Ao Nang or to Laem Nang. Straightforward. The islets in the approaches are easily identified. Anchor in the middle off Ko Sam or in the SE corner. Anchor in 3-6m on a sandy bottom. Shelter Good shelter in the NE monsoon. Open to the SW. Dinghies Off Ko Sam you can get into the river and leave the dinghy at the jetty to get into Krabi. The road is nearby and buses and taxis run into town. In the SE corner there are a number of places where you...

Karwar Bay and Baitkol

A yacht should head for Baitkol harbour. Although the anchorages on the S side of Karwar Head look like they could be sheltered with an offshore wind, in fact surf breaks along most of the S anchorages. The deep water channel dredged to 10m into Baitkol harbour is buoyed. By night Oyster Rocks F1.10s26M Baitkol E side Q.R.6M Anchor off NE of the harbour entrance in 3-6m. There is usually flat water here during the NE monsoon. You may be able to find a berth alongside in the small commercial...

Somalia and Socotra

Socotra Island at the SE corner of the Gulf of Aden has always been well known as an area to keep clear of because of the possibility of pirate attacks. Now the threat of piracy around the island has spread all along the shores of Somalia right up to the approaches to Djibouti. After the abortive attempt of the UN and the USA to bring peace to Somalia, the country has disintegrated into areas dominated by local war-lords who have no compunctions about extending their territory offshore. There...

Penang Yacht Club

Pulau Rimau Penang

The Penang Yacht Club marina lies on the NE end of the island. Conspicuous From the NW approach the large skyscrapers of Georgetown arc easily identified and Northern approaches to the Penang Yacht Club marina PENANG YACHT CLUB-0- 05 25'-36N 100 20'-69E WGS 84 PENANG YACHT CLUB-0- 05 25'-36N 100 20'-69E WGS 84 The road bridge across the Penang Strait air height 28 metres . the buoys marking the deep water channel into Penang Channel are easily located. There will often be ferries or commercial...

Qishn

A large bay located under Ras Sharwayn. Ras Sharwayn has two conical peaks on it called Conical Peak 581m and more imaginatively Asses Ears 551m . Asses Ears are two distinct projections like a pair of asses ears and are easily identified when coasting towards the ENE. The bay looks to offer good shelter during the SW monsoon, but it is likely that a swell will penetrate into the bay. It is not suitable in the NE monsoon when a heavy swell sets in. Depths for anchoring are convenient and the...

Marine perils

Jellyfish Jellyfish stings are the most common injury encountered in the marine world. All jellyfish sting as that is the way they immobilise their prey and it is also their defence against predators. They will only sting if you bump into them or inadvertently become entangled in their trailing tentacles. Some jellyfish like the Portuguese man-o-war and some sea wasps are vicious stingers and the sea wasp causes a number of fatalities in Australia every year. Other jellyfish like the more...

W Cocos Keeling to Chagos Salomon Islands

Pilots NP44 Malacca Strait Pilot, NP39 South Indian Ocean Pilot Cocos Keeling to Chagos Salomon Islands 1520M Season May to October Tropical storms November to April Most boats make this passage around September to October when the SE trades have died down a bit, but are still consistent and strong enough to make for a speedy passage. The currents during this time are mostly W-going with the South Equatorial Current although the further N you get, the more likely the current will slow or even...

Closenburg.point De Galle Images

Point Galle British Ceylon

In the approach there will be lots of fishing boats off the coast and as most yachts will be making part of the approach along the coast at night, some care and attention is needed. The final approach through the buoyed channel is on 003 . Yachts should wait at the harbour entrance until a naval cutter comes out 1 06 00 4N 80 13'.3E WGS 84 Fishing proas. Most use outboards for power, but a few still use sails. One of the big advantages of these craft is getting out through the surf and back in...

Sebana Cove Marina

Charts BA 25S5 Entrance 01 24'N 104 07'E Marina 01 24'-7N 104 09'-8E The marina lies just under 3 miles up the Sungai Santi River opposite the E tip of Singapore Island. Care is needed in the approach to the river mouth as a sand bar extends from the N entrance point to about half way across the entrance. Enter on a course which takes you midway between the S entrance point and the middle of the entrance. If in doubt of depths call up the marina on VHF Ch 71. Ideally the approach should be made...