Appendicitis

Odds are remote, but it is possible for somebody to have an acute appendicitis attack while offshore. It usually occurs in adolescents and young adults, especially if there is a family history of appendicitis. Prompt diagnosis and surgical intervention are vital. Only in rare cases will appendicitis subside spontaneously. Apply ice to the abdomen, administer antibiotics (e.g., Ampicillin), and pain relief until you reach medical assistance. Don't give laxatives, enemas, or solid food to the...

Prevention

Always wear high top tennis shoes or boots when wading among coral and getting in and out of the boat. Wear gloves when handling coral, anchor and chain, and when scrubbing the bottom of the boat. Diving fins should have covered heels. Avoid scraping yourself when diving among coral, or wear a wet suit or clothing. The constant warmth and moisture in the tropics makes for a luxurious growing environment for flora and fauna, as well as nasty infections, riven the smallest cuts and scratches can...

Allergic Reactions

Anybody who already suffers from allergy problems is a greater risk. Allergic reactions vary from a mild rash to lethal anaphalactic shock. Almost anything can cause a severe allergic reaction, including shellfish, jellyfish and drugs, especially penicillin. Prevention Record any allergies in the ship's medical log, noting location and dosage of their specific allergy medication. Take special note of any drug allergies. A rash or any other unusual side effects from a drug should warn not to use...

Going Aloft

Be very careful about how you fasten a halyard to the upper fiddle block or to your bosuns chair. Shackle failure (or inadvertant opening of snap shackles after snagging on something) cause the majority of mast accidents. If possible, tie the halyard directly to the block or chair, but at least tape any snap shackle shut. Next is to shackle the lower cam-fiddle block (identical to our mainsheet block) to the stainless steel D rings on the bosuns chair. For line, I've found 1 2 nylon or dacron...

Sunburn And Skin Cancer

Cruising usually means long periods of exposure to the sun. It's important to think carefully about sun protection as you will be spending more time out in the blazing tropical sun than below decks. Parts of the sailor's body are always exposed to the sun, and there is a high incidence of skin cancer among sailors, particularly of the lips, face, ears, back of the hands, neck and shoulders. with blockout, and especially number 15 lipscreen. Keep lipscreen near the cockpit and use it frequently....

Mahina Productions

Box 1596 Friday Harbor, WA 98250 (206)378-6131 Mahina Productions Offshore Cruising Seminar 8 30 - 8 50 Introductions What type of boat do you own Cruising goals 8 50 - 9 00 Course Objectives Realistic Expectations, Reasons lor Cruising 9 00 - 9 30 A Woman's or Mate's Point of View Contributions, Needs, Expectations, Adjustments, Flexibility, Cruising with Kids 9 30 - 9 45 Psychological Aspects of Cruising Dealing with Departure, Cruiser's Blues, Re-entry and Reality 9 45 - 10 00 Cost of...

Ketxx

3 miZZ.cu .wir z MAIN SAIL fuuco) To obtain this ideal suit of sails (or begin acquiring it) a sailor may consult one or more sailmakera. The naval architect's sail schedule, dock talk, armchair sailing, and your personal experience will also help determine an inventory for smooth sailing. Allow me to reduce your Ma Bell bill and offer this sailmaker's advice Different types of rigs require different sail inventories. With the exception of the catboat, the cruising sloop requires fewest sails...

Handheld Volt Spotlight

Brinkman Q-Beam ( 55), Nite Tracker ( 79.95) There is no alternative to a powerful spotlight that plugs into ship's power. I've had excellent service from the Q-Beam and would also recommend the million candle power Brinkman or Nite Owl Mega Beam ( 61.95) which use the identical case. I've found that mounting the plug-in below at the chart table prevents corrosion and shorts common with cockpit 12 volt plugs. The new cordless rechargeable Nite Tracker 500,000 c.p....

Safety Harness and Tether

Most Reliable Switlik ( 99.50), Lirakis ( 95 75), STG Pelican 2 ( 106) SOSpenders ( 84.90) Each member of your crew should have their own harness, stowed separately in labeled bags. Some key points to remember when buying a harness 1. The harness should fit fairly snugly so that you won't slip out under sudden loading. Adjustable harnesses allow a good fit over sweaters, etc. 2. Avoid harnesses that have metal face-ripper plates in front. 3. Tethers should be 6' or less and have quick-release...

Eye And Ear Problems Pink Eye Infection

As the common name suggests, the eye becomes bloodshot and irritated by this highly contagious infection. It is usually caused by a virus, which generally runs its course leaving no residual damage. Frequently it is followed by a secondary bacterial infection that can lead to permanent eye damage if left unattended. To treat pink eye use Sulfacetamide eye drops and 0.5 Erythromycin ointment three times a day as prescribed or Cortisporin Ophthalmic Drops or ointment. Some people are sensitive to...

Thoughts on choosing anchor chain

Anchor chain serves several purposes in the ground tackle system 1. Inoeased Might causes horizontal pull on anchor. 2. Chain weight forms a cur in th scop (catenary). Heavy surging lifts this sag, absorbing th strain and jerk on the anchor and vessel. 1 Chain will not chafe on rock, coral, or bow chocks. 4. Chain is mare suitable for anchor windlasses. In almost all anchoring situations longer chain scope and heavier ehain will hold better than less and lighter. However, an ail-chain system is...

Handsewing A Mainsail Slide To The Sail

Ennafkmid emudei Hie. a,. suic.oft(ie.uc6 samtkoU. aqiUH T t cm ihrttW anumne up the., slacks ni nirraa Bntuj fiiKiuC amuMtoLtsuXL. er*t66uiq AHA dnve. Hemic Hiraufh-tkc same kok. IVL Tili krtad, nvitut up stack. OoU-rqpcattci nMibrmina AiS- X P CUrccHy oppo fa53 Section of Ifttervuli -tTH ck_ wi< it sitcfl secure jfc 3 i unnu OoU-rqpcattci nMibrmina AiS- X P CUrccHy oppo t> i r needle. threiMk same, holeasnythpr (cnot-Ejuf oy tnnkjuamex' 4XUSS wcocuia on, oul-btu. J (see nbovc) fa53...

Radar

Best Available Raytheon R-20X ( 2995 2479), Furuno 1730 ( 2995) Best Buy (according to Practical Sailor) Raytheon R-10X ( 2295 1879) Least Expensive Apelco LDR 9910 ( 2200 1295) For both collision avoidance and navigation, radar is an excellent tool. The low-cost, low-power draw Apelco has received good recommendations from the long distance cruisers we've met using it. We have had excellent service from our Raytheon R-20X we've spotted ships at 20 miles, land at 22 miles, and rain squalls in...

Hour Whole Wheat Bread

1+3 4 c white flour 1+1 2 c whole wheat flour 3 4 c walnuts 1 T. brown sugar 1 2 tsp. salt 1 pkg. rapid rise yeast 3 4 c hot water 1 3 c yogurt or milk Set aside 1 cup white flour. In large bowl mix remaining flours, nuts, sugar, salt and yeast. Heat water, yogurt and margarine to 125 - 130 degrees and stir into dry mixture. Mix in only enough reserved flour to make a soft dough. On a floured surface knead 4 minutes. Place a few inches of hot water in the bottom of a 4-quart pressure cooker....

Objectives

To provide guidelines for the prospective offshore cruiser to realistically assess medical requirements and preparations for individual cruising adventures. 2. To inform the offshore sailor (with limited medical resources) of common health problems specific to cruising in isolated marine environments, and to suggest alternative remedies using common on board items. 3. To encourage the cruiser to think about anticipating and preventing medical problems and accidents and to promote good health...

Procedures For Checking Into A Foreign Country

Determine the Ports of Entry for the country you'll be visiting by checking the Sailing Directions, World Cruising Routes or Pilot Book. 2. Find out if a visa or cruising permit is required prior to your arrival by checking with the consulate or embassy of the country. Another source of up-to-date information are the SSCA Bulletins. 3. Make or buy the flag of each country you plan to visit. If you don't have a sewing machine or can't find the countries flag, another solution is to use colored...

C

Quality Sails for Traditional and Modern Rigs 315 Jackson Port Townsend. Wa. 98368 (206) 385-1640 fi. A last-ditch alternative, cross stitching a corner or edge of a sad where it's chafing. tape or baggy wrinkle on rigging and or extra layers of daaon sailcloth on the ail when it cant be kept from contact with the standing rigging or spars, if ultraviolet tot is the cause of holes or tears (or you can Rick your finger through die sailcloth) you'd better order a new sail corners and reef...

Diarrhea

When cruising in countries with sanitary conditions you are unaccustomed to, you may contract traveller's diarrhea within two to ten days after contact with contaminated food or water. Take precautions with water mentioned in the preceding section to help prevent Montezuma's Revenge. Symptoms are many loose stools per day, stomach cramps and occasionally nausea and vomiting. This increased intestinal motility is the body's normal cleansing mechanism at work trying to eliminate toxic agents. For...

Cruising Communications

Mail, FAX, Telephone, Single Side Band & Han Radio Communication. Although we wish we could cruise without worring about phone calls, faxes, and mail, the reality is we are working as writers while we cruise. Staying in touch with home is a necessity, not just a pleasure. Cruisers often end up playing tag across the ocean with their mail, waiting weeks for mail waylaid in their last port to catch up with them. The common scenario goes like this Before leaving home cruisers tell their...

Sewing Machine

Most Reliable Pfaff 130 ( 650 used, rare) Sailrite Kits Brother ( 1645) I actually think that a sewing machine capable of repairing sails should be on the priority list since it can pay for itself quickly, allowing you to make repairs at sea and sew additional canvas covers for your boat as you cruise. The Pfaff 130's were last built over 20 years ago in Germany and are in high demand as a commercial machine throughout the world, so they now sell for more than six times their original price. I...

T

Collision Mat

Jt cies so alarming to a sailboat's crew as the sight of a flooded bilge and floorboards awash. In most cases a flooded boat can be saved, but it calls for cool heads and immediate action. If collision is the cause, the damaged area must be exposed and plugged or patched, as described below. More frequently, however, flooding results from failure of a thru-hull fitting, hose or fixture, which will be difficult to identify if it is submerged. Here's how to identify the problem, stop the leak and...

Solar Panels

Most Reliable Siemens M-65, 42 watt ( 550 459), M-5 watt ( 185 109) We are completely sold on solar power and often go for over a week at anchor relying solely on one panel to run our cabin lights, radio, 12 volt fan, vacuum and sewing machine. Since we've added an inverter, word processor, camcorder and t.v., we've had to run the main engine to charge batteries some times, so it's time for us to think about adding a second panel We have a small Arco (Siemens) M-5 panel which we leave hooked...

Batteries

Most Reliables Prevailer or Dynasty Heavy-Duty Marine Gel ( 179 for 82Ah) If your batteries are over two years old or are at all questionable, replace them with new gel batteries. Battery problems resulting from low voltage or fluid levels commonly plague cruising boats. From our experience with Prevailer Gel batteries aboard Mahina Tiare, I do believe the marketing claims that gel batteries will accept a 10-15 higher charge rate so that they can can be charged at a faster rate without...

Radar Reflector

Most Reliable, best chance of being seens Firdell Blipper ( 139 99) The most common reflectors used are Davis, in which I have little faith after being told repeatedly by freighters they couldn't see us on their radar. The captain of one freighter even went as far as recommending the Firdell to us over the radio at sea, and that was the first time I'd heard of it. They are used by commercial and rescue boats throughout the world, including the D.S.C.G., and return a much larger signal in rough...

Sail Selection

Although sails are among the most important equipment on an offshore cruising boat and the last thing you want to worry about, their selection and care are often left to last in terms of outfitting and budgetary priorities. It is essential to realize that the quality of sails you start out with will directly govern how much time and money you'll spend on repair and replacement once you're actually cruising. My experience with sails comes from a much broader base than my own 15 years and 100,000...

Cruising With Children

We meet people cruising with children of all ages. It's hard to generalize, but from our observations and conversations, parents who have newborn to three year old children, seem to have a tougher time cruising than those with older children. Teens who start cruising at ages 14- or 15 often miss their friends and organized sports and want to graduate from high school with their own class. 1. Involve your kids in the planning stages of the cruise so they don't feel like they're being railroaded...

Bosuns Chair

Most Reliable Medoff Marine Custom Boatswain's Chair ( 103 75) This is the best-designed and safest chair I've seen. Check Going Aloft section for more details. Most Reliable Sopac ( 219 160), Perko Folding Steps ( 20 17 each) An easy way to get back onboard from swimming or the dinghy is important, and most of the folding aluminum and plastic ladders are unstable. The Manta is built in New Zealand of stainless steel. Permanent small fold-down chrome transom steps offer another simple...

Engine Spare Parts List

Oil Filters Change as per engine manual or every 100 hours. Average engine use while cruising full time is 300 to 600 hours per year. So, for a two year cruise take at least six filters. This is much easier and less expensive than trying to track down the filters in foreign ports. For an alternative source, check filter wholesalers in the Yellow Pages, instead of the engine dealer. 2. Engine Fuel Filters Change as per engine instructions, or at least one replacement cartridge per 100 engine...

Sail Repair What to Do and How to Do It

Most sailors approach sail repair with the same confident enthusiasm with which they might attempt brain surgery. This sense of foreboding often benefits die saibnaker who, as a result, gets a lot of business , but not the offshore cruiser whose self-sufficiency in every aspect of maintaining his her vessel and its attendant gear is vitally important. There's a mystique surrounding sails perhaps since their operating principle turned 90 degrees consists of the same magic that keeps airplanes in...

Healthy Liferaft Has Annual Physical

Investing in an emergency inflatable life raft is a prudent precaution in case of fire or foundering. BUT with several stipulations. A self inflating rubber raft is a sophisticated device and like other sophisticates, should not be treated casually or taken for granted. Most off-shore sailors do not favor complicated devices and life rafts unhappily fall into this category because there is no simple way to achieve the following requirements An auxiliary vessel that in an emergency will...

Vaginal And Groin Thrush

Thrush is a common yeast infection also known as Monilia. Its symptoms are a red, uncomfortable groin rash for men and an uncomfortable vaginal itch for women. In the tropics it is most frequently caused by wearing nylon underwear. Nylon creates an ideal, warm, moist environment for the yeast because it is non-absorbent and does not breathe . Vaginal yeast often occurs when taking antibiotics, and some women are regularly plagued by yeast infections. Yeast colonies are normal vaginal flora, but...

Refrigeration

Best Compromise Adler Barbour Super Coldmachine 10 1295 1095 , Isotherm 5000 1600 , Sea Frost 1776 Refrigeration is generally the__most expensive andleast dependable piece of equipment to maintain on an repair people are expensive and difficult to find, even in the U.S., and nearly impossible in many countries. If you want to be able to depend on refrigeration, it's necessary to have the gauges, tools and spare freon and drier to recharge the system yourself. Proper installation, small box...

Bruises And Impact Injuries

Elevate the injury above heart level and apply a cold compress immediately. The cold will constrict the blood vessels and reduce the intertissual bleeding, bruising and swelling. Apply ice or chemical cold pack wrapped in a damp cloth, but be careful not to freeze burn the skin. Ideally, keep the cool application on for the first 24 hours, then apply a warm pack to help reabsorption of the intertissual bleeding. Use only non-aspirin preparations for pain relief of impact or bleeding injuries,...

Anchoring Techniques And Illustrations

A SINGLE BOW ANCHOR under normal conditions, is the most commonly used anchoring technique. Most boats long-distance cruising in coral waters choose to have over 180' of chain as their main anchor rode because it is easier to stow than a combination of nylon line and chain. It also isn't subject to being abraded through quickly on coral as the line is. Over 90 of the time anchor with one bow anchor using 4 to 1 scope of all chain. 120' of chain in 30' of water HEAVIER GROUND TACKLE anchor and...

Priority Navigational Equipment List Coastwise Navigation

Most Reliable Ritchie, Danforth Cost 139 to 482 The main compass should be svung by a compass adjuster before undertaking a major cruise. If your compass is over 8 years old, take it to an instrument shop to be overhauled and fitted with a new diaphragm. If your compass is less than 8 years old, carry a spare diaphragm since the rubber neoprene will eventually rot in the tropics. If cruising in high latitudes, your compass may need a compensation weight on the card to keep it level. If in doubt...

Trolling Generators

Most Reliable Redwing Trolling 595 , Wind 595 , Combination 895 A trolling generator means that when you're sailing at 5 knots you'll be generating enough electricity to run lights, ham radio, sat nav and possibly refrigeration, though not all at the same time, wind generators require more attention and can't be left unattended. Source for the Redwing Downwind Marine, 2819 Canon, San Diego, CA 92106, 619-224-2733. Additional source Hamilton Ferris, Box 126, Ashland, MA 01721, 508-881-4602.

Additional Resources

Nautical bookstores, suppliers of charts, guides and navigation instuments Armchair Sailor Bookstore, 1500 Westlake Ave.N, Seattle, WA 98109. 800-875-0852 in WA 206-283-0858. Armchair Sailor Bookstore, 42 Caledonia St., Sausalito, CA 94965. 415-332-7505 Armchair Sailor Bookstore, 3 Lockwood St. 202, Charleston,SC 29401.803-577-0254 Armchair Sailor Bookstore, 4 Cypress Square, 13451 McGregor Blvd. S., Fort Meyers, FL 33919. 813-489-2555 Armchair Sailor Bookstore, 546 Highway 98E Destin, F1...

Jungus

Jungle Rot Tinea Versicolor is a common yeast infection of skin which flourishes in the tropics, where it is often seen marking local island inhabitants. .fangl Rot is characterized by round, blotchy areas of depigmentation. At first, it may look like a peeling suntan, but close inspection reveals loss of skin coloring in blotches. To exterminate any yeast or fungus infection requires sustained, vigorous treatment. Immediate recurrences of Jungle Rot are common when the full treatment program...

Skin Problems Coral Cuts

Small coral grazes can rapidly turn into_nas_ty., lingering, infected lesions which leave a permanent scar if not taken care of properly. Best to try and avoid coral cuts and grazes Should you cut yourself on coral, fine particles remain imbedded in the wound. These particles continue to grow in the tissues because body tissue is of similar makeup to salt water and cause inflammation and infection. Hydrogen peroxide is the ost effective way of killing live coral and cleansing the wound. Scrub...

Priority Equipment Costs Total

These prices are only part of the cost of outfitting a 35' sailboat for cruising with two people. Discount prices from either West Marine or Boat U.S. catalogs. 1. Shortwave Radio Receiver Radio Shack, Sony or ICOM from 200 to 1019 2. VHF Marine Radio, Antenna, Cable West Marine or ICOM 220 to 435 3. Dinghy Tender West Marine CD 8 to Avon RIB 3.10 650 to 2625 4. Windvane Self-Steering System Navik or to 2795 5. Dodger w stainless frames amp hardware, acryllic or Weblon 1000 to 3000 6. Depth...

Boat Selection

Selecting a cruising boat is one of the most critical_decisions in preparing for an offshore voyage. Obviously there isn't any single design that is perfect for everyone. Our concern is that you choose a boat that will be safe comfortable, well-built, and prove to be a good investment. Two of the most important points to remember when selecting a boat are size and cost. Few people realize that outfitting a boat for long distance cruising can easily take 30 to 60 more than the initial purchase...

Mahina Productions Offshore Cruising Seminar

RECOMMENDED BOOK amp VIDEO LIST OUTFITTING AND PREPARATION The Annapolis Book of Seamanship, John Upgrading the Cruising Sailboat, Daniel Spurr The Complete Liveaboard Book, Katy Burke Cruising in Comfort, Jim Skoog Improve Your Own Boat, Ian Nicholson Ocean Cruising on a Budget, Anne Hammick Rigger's Apprentice, Brion Toss Care and Feeding of the Offshore Crew, Lin Pardey provisioning 22.95 Two on a Big Ocean, Hal Roth circumnavigation of the Pacific 24.95 Managing Your Escape, Katy Burke a...

Antimotion Sickness

- Antihistamines for mild seasickness. May also be used for allergic reactions and as a sedative for insomnia e.g., Dimehydrinate - Dramamine, Audrumin, Nauseatol - Cyclizine Marezine, Antivert, Bonine, Meclizine, Melozine, Ancoloxin, - Transderm Scopolamine, skin patches - Prochlorperazine Compazine suppositories - Phenergan suppositories or tablets

Swe

Gladiateur 33 Hallberg Rassy, 31, 35, 36,38,41,42,45,49 Hinkley 30-64 Island Packet 27,32,35, 38,44 J-40 J-44 Jason 35 Little Harbor 42 - 90 Luders 33 DOVE , 36 Mariah 31 Niagara 31, 35,42 Nordic 34,40,44,45 Ocean 60,71 Ocean Cruising 42 Orion 27 Oyster 35,42,52 Pearson 35,365,424,530 Pretorien 35 Rival 36-41 Sabre 34,38,42 Sadler 34 Saturna 33 Shannon 28,37,38,43,50,51 Southern Cross 28,31,35,39 Spencer 35,42,44,54 Sweden Yachts Well built, comfortable, amp surprisingly fast. Very strong...

The Ultimate Challenge

Where to begin Volumes have been written on this subject and I recommend several at the end of this section, but if you only read one make it Care and Feeding of the Offshore Crew by Lin Pardey. This is the best all-around volume on caring, feeding, and cruising I've found. Food is an all important ingredient in a sucessful cruise. Because on a passage a sailor's world is so confined and repetitious, food often becomes the highlight of the day, taking on an exaggerated importance unknown on...

Ground Systems

Other than for a dipola, a good ground system is as import as the antenna. In fact, the total antenna system is made up equally of the radiating wire and the ground system. Each component is equally important Getting a good radio ground on a wood or fiberglass boat can present quite a challenge. Direct electrical contact with sea water is not really as necessary as providing the maximum possible conducting surface area to create a ground plane for the antenna to work against The higher the...

Underwater Camera

Most Reliable Nikonos I to V 250 used I, 539 new Nikonos V Less Expensive Options Minolta Weathermatic 35 363 289 Sea amp Sea Motormarine I 259 , MMII 399 EWA Underwater Camera Bags from 29 Any underwater camera is great for action sailing shots when there is a lot of spray in the air. For high quality underwater shots, a flash is necessary. We recently bought a EWA Bag for a simple point-and-shoot 35mm camera. Optical Advantage 1-800-426-4221 or 301-653-3306 sells EWA Underwater Housings at...

Ear Infections External Ear Infections

The incidence of recurring swimmers ear can be reduced by prophylactic use of drying drops after swimming. You can make them by mixing one third white vinegar with two thirds rubbing alcohol. Use a couple of drops in each ear, followed by antibiotic drops or some two percent acetic acid vinegar . External ear infections are usually caused by an infected hair follicle, like a pimple. Symptoms include itching and pain, especially when pressure is applied around the outside of the ear canal this...

Middle Ear Infection

These most frequently develop as a complication to colds and tonsilitis. Bacteria from the nose and throat can reach the middle ear through the eustachian tube connecting canal for equalizing pressure , especially when diving. Don't dive with a cold or sore throat. Symptoms are deafness, intense pain and throbbing from pressure of pus build up inside the ear. The ear drum may rupture causing dramatic relief and drainage of pus. Obtain medical advice if there is persistent pain, pus or fever....

Radio Medical Assistance

At sea and in isolated cruising areas, radio communication may be the only means of obtaining medical advice. Single Side Band SSB radios have communication ranges of up to several thousand miles, depending on atmospheric conditions at that time. If a coastal station can be reached, medical advice can be obtained through the Marine operator or Coast Guard. Ham radio is the offshore cruiser's favored'choice for emergency communications. With it, you can randomly contact someone at almost any...