Hummoc Taeje. 76.
Rabuso Creek To^e. .
BASILAKI I. Förtcseue. Strait 'íi^e.6'8. Hemoe faqe. 70.
SIDE IA ISLAND
WAN IM ISLAND Pa^e. 92. PANA WIN A ISLAND ~Rae. 88.
BAGAMAN ISLAND "R»<je. 88. PANA N UM ARA I. T^«. 88. ABAGA GAHE1A 1. 88.
SlipwQLj To^t, 66.
msrriA isLAND-Bwa^o.a Hbr. Tciße, Q¿ DEBOYNE LAGOON 80.
CHINA STRAIT "R^ GS,
BRUM ER ISLANDS
Samarai to Rossel Island (Louisiade Archipelago)
SAMARAI A tiny island covering no more than fifty nine acres, Samarai lies at the south western end of China Strait, a stretch of tide troubled water which separates the south eastern tip of the Papua New Guinea mainland from its offshore islands in this region.
As noted in the historical section, Samarai has enjoyed considerable notoriety in the past, being one of the country's most famous outposts. It was the headquarters of the Milne Bay District during Australian rule, its importance being overshadowed during the 1960's when the District Headquarters (now Provincial Headquarters) was moved to Alotoa on the north coast of Milne Bay about thirty miles away.
APPROACH Those approaching Samarai from the south east via the maze of islands in the Louisiade Archipelago will find it by a process of elimination. Those approaching from the Coral Sea (typically after a passage direct from Cairns, Australia) are advised to make their landfall on the Brumer Islands so that the light placed there gives a margin of safety should the landfall be made after dark.
If the trade wind is strong, and as much easting as possible is required, Samarai could be laid for immediately the light or islands are sighted so that route 2 shown on the approach map might be taken. Otherwise route 1 presents a very positive way to identify the area and gives promise of some excellent catches of fish between West and East Brumer Islands. Also the most conspicuous mountain on the mainland, Cloudy Mountain, is more obvious from this line of approach. This can be most useful in conditions of poor visibility as is possible during trade wind weather.
Generally speaking, the experienced boatman will approach Samarai from any direction he chooses because there are no dangers offshore except obvious, and often uniquely shaped, islets and the closest reef on normal approach is Uluma Reef, 46 miles to the south east. It is presumed the average navigator will not find himself pushed that far to the east.
West Brumer Island is rugged and heavily wooded and together with its partner, East Brumer, makes an ideal landfall for vessels crossing the Coral Sea from Cairns.
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