^ Select a protected spot. Try to find a spot where obstacles or debris on the bottom will not snag the anchor or rode.
^ Head the boat into the wind or current.
^ Back the engine so that the boat is moving astern very slowly. Then put the engine in neutral.
^ Keep the engine running. If the engine is not running, you will lose control of the boat, and you may run aground or collide with a dock or other boats.
^ Lower the anchor over the bow. Never throw it.
^ Do not tie your anchor line to the stern. This could cause your boat to swamp or capsize.
^ As the anchor lowers, let out (or pay out) line.
^ Make sure your foot or other objects on deck do not get caught in the line as it is paying out.
^ For secure anchoring, the scope of the anchor line should be at least seven to one—that means the line will be seven to ten times as long as the distance from the boat's bow to the bottom of the water.
^ Cleat or tie off the rode.
^ Check the boat's swing to make sure the boat will not go aground or hit something if the current changes or the wind shifts.
More things you should know:
The anchor is set when the boat turns into the wind and the anchor line stops paying out or jerking. Once enough line has payed out, remember to cleat or tie off the rode. For safety:
♦ Check to see if the anchor is holding, not dragging. The line will bounce if the anchor is dragging.
♦ Check your position by noting several landmarks.
♦ Check your anchor. Never anchor from the boat's side or stern. A strong current, a heavy sea, or the wake from another boat may sink your boat.
♦ Check your position often, especially since tides, wind, and weather can change constantly.
♦ Never anchor in a deep water channel between red and green buoys that mark the heavily traveled areas or channels used by large ships.
♦ Never anchor directly below a dam, because the hydraulic currents created by the rising or falling water can be hazardous.
♦ Never anchor directly above a dam. A sudden release of water from a hydroelectric power plant can suck the boat over the dam.
♦ Warning markers, such as a boom or buoys, often indicate restricted zones for traffic and anchoring. Check your charts for these restricted zones.
♦ If you have to leave the anchor, tie a floating marker to the line so you can locate it later.
Was this article helpful?
Lets start by identifying what exactly certain boats are. Sometimes the terminology can get lost on beginners, so well look at some of the most common boats and what theyre called. These boats are exactly what the name implies. They are meant to be used for fishing. Most fishing boats are powered by outboard motors, and many also have a trolling motor mounted on the bow. Bass boats can be made of aluminium or fibreglass.