Itchen River Boats

The Itchen river, or Southampton, fishing boats are rigged in a simple but most useful and handy manner. Their chief peculiarities consist in a lofty mast and narrow-headed gaff-mainsail, without a boom. The mainsail travels, at the clew, on an iron hawse across the stern, in the ordinary manner, and the sail is all inboard, a great advantage in bad weather. The fore-sail is also a lofty sail, but stands chiefly inboard. In squally weather these boats are frequently worked to windward under the...

Luggers

A luggek is a boat or vessel rigged with lug-sails some have one sail only others two or three, besides a fore-sail and a mizzen and boats of a large size, as sea-going and coasting luggers, sometimes set a topsail above the main lug-sail. The south coast fishing luggers in fine weather set their topsail above the mizzen-lug. Anciently the lug-sail, if not the only form of rig used for sailing-boats and small vessels, was at all events the most general one. The ancient lug-sail was of...

Boats Of The Ancients

Circa pectus erat, qui fragilem truci Commisit pelago ratem Primus.' Hob. Od. i. iii. 9. The boats, or vessels, of the Ancients were of a very diminutive size in comparison with those of the present day. Few of them exceeded the ordinary dimensions of a modern ship's launch. But, as civilization advanced, boats and vessels of larger size were constructed, though in a rude and primitive style and, when provided with vessels of burthen, it was a long time before the boldest mariners ventured to...

Sliding And Revolving Keels

Admiral (then Captain) Schank was the inventor of sliding keels, and there are several models of his invention in the United Service Museum. Captain Schank*s invention was publicly tested in the year 1791, on the cutter ' Trial,' and highly laudatory reports thereon were made to the Admiralty. Captain Schank also, about that time, published a treatise on the subject. The revolving keel, which is in some respects a modification or improvement upon the sliding keel, was invented by Mr. Shuldham,...

Yarmouth Yawls

These splendid boats are the admiration of all who visit Yarmouth,. Lowestoff, Aldborough, and some other watering places on the eastern coast. They are the longest and swiftest yawls, if not the finest open boats, in the world. Some of them are upwards of sixty feet in length,(l) and from ten to twelve feet in breadth. They have a remarkably sharp and gracefully formed bow, which rises gradually from amidships the stern is also somewhat elevated, so that they are much lower amidships than...

Sailing A Schooner

The fore-and-aft schooner rig consists of two masts and three principal sails, viz. a mainsail, which is, in fact, a gaff-sail fitted with a boom a spencer, or fore-sail, which is fitted with a gaff, but generally without a boom and a stay-sail, which is the leading sail, and is set on the fore-stay. In addition to these sails, schooners sometimes cany topsails, jibs, and flying-jibs. When a jib is used, a jib-boom has to be run out beyond the standing bowsprit and as regards the topsails, in...

The Revolving

This singular, but ingenious, mode of rigging boats and small yachts, is the invention of Mr. Molyneux Shuldham, of the Royal Navy,1 who kindly furnished the Author with drawings, models, and other original information, developing the whole scheme and peculiarities of one of the most remarkable methods of rigging vessels and boats ever invented. As the invention has never been fully explained, or made known to the public in any other treatise, I am authorised by the inventor to publish a brief...

The Settee

The settee rig, though now but little used in English waters, was formerly a favourite one for small open boats and it is still the most general form of rig that is used for the native sailing-boats and vessels of India, where it is termed 4 lateen.' It has, in fact, the appearance of a lateen sail with the fore angle cut off. In some respects, and for some purposes, it is to be preferred to a lateen sail, by reason of the facilities afforded for reefing, which cannot usually be accomplished in...

The Slidinggunter

The sliding-gunter is a pretty and ingenious form of rig for a pleasure boat it is also one that is often used for the sailing-boats attached to large yachts, ships of war, and large merchant ships. It consists as regards a single-masted sliding-gunter of two sails only, viz. main-sail and fore-sail. The main-sail of the sliding-gunter is of the same shape as a lateen sail, but is set differently, the lower part of the main-sail of a sliding-gunter being laced to the mast, whereas the whole of...