Boat Parts For Beginners Sailing Cleats Shackles

Order of rigging

The order of rigging the jib is usually as follows:

1 Shackle to bow

2 Fasten hanks

3 Fasten sheets

4 Shackle head to halyard

5 Hoist jib

Parts Boat For Dummies

Shackling to the bow

The tack of the jib should be fastened to the bow fitting. This has three eyes to which the forestay. the tack of the jib and the painter are attached. Normally the forestay is attached at (l). the tack of the jib at (2), 1 and the painter at (3) n but the position of each ^-r eye varies with the design of the boat. \

Fastening the jib sheets

The jib sheets are /

fastened at the clew /

with a shackle or /

through fairleads and / finished off with a /

opposite). A jamming C^j^/JiAs/ cleat holds the sheet in position, if required.

Fastening the hanks

Plastic or stainless steel hanks are used to fasten the jib to the forestay (shackles were formerly used). The hanks arc fitted at right angles and then twisted to lock them onto the wire. The fastenings permit the jib to be raised or lowered quickly and neatly as required.

Hoisting the jib

Before hoisting the jib by pulling on the halyard, the head of the sail must be attached to the jib halyard. You should check first to make sure the jib halyard is not twisted. If the jib is not being hoisted straightaway, secure it to the forestay with a sheet. When the jib is hoisted, cleat the spare line.

Hanks on forestay

Parts of the jib


Shackling the halyard

If the head of the sail is attached to the halyard with a D shackle, make sure the shackle pin is tightened properly so it does not loosen when the jib flaps

Moving a boat

All sailing boats are easily damaged when they are out of the water, especially when they are being moved about. The most vulnerable parts of the boat are: the bottom (mainly where the stern joins the transom), the bow (which is often damaged when turning corners) and the centerboard (which can slip down and drag along the ground if not properly secured in the retracted position).

Overhead obstructions, such as power cables, can be a source of danger as well as damage, and should always be borne in mind when stepping the mast or moving a rigged boat. If you are rigging a boat, particularly when close


At least four adults are needed to carry an average one-design. It is important to ensure that everyone is carrying an equal amount of weight. As a general rule, the front half of the boat is the heaviest (see below), so the lifting power should be concentrated there. Some boats are fitted with wooden carrying handles or bell ropes but most have nothing except the inner or outer edge of the side decking to grip onto. As soon as everyone has a comfortable hold, lift the boat and move it forward at walking pace. A long haul requires frequent stops and changes of side.

to a house or on the side of the road, you should always look above you as well as around you.

There are a number of different ways of moving the boat on land, from carrying it to wheeling it around on a specially constructed dolly. The method used depends on the weight of the boat, the distance it has to be carried, the type of ground and the number of people around to help.

All methods of moving a boat need more than one person, and most require several people. As with any operation involving a number of people, one of them should assume responsibility for coordinating the combined effort.

Gripping bell rope

Gripping handle

Gripping bell rope

Gripping handle



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