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Added at the top and a hooin at the bottom of the sail. The sail was, ef course, loose-footed and very baggy, and was kept to the mast by lacing, wooden hoops being still unknown. Then a long clumsy bowsprit was given, so that forward of the staysail a jib might be introduced. Thus ii is not the foresail that was adde to the jib, but vice versd. Originally the foresail was the fore sail in fact as well as in name, until the rb was introduced. Theft topsails were added. These were copied from...

The Development Of The Sailing Ship In The Nineteenth And Twentieth Centuries

From the older form, presently to consider, SHALL endeavour in this chapter to conclude the narrative of the large sailing ship, all of whose sails, excepting her triangular lieadsails and the staysails an the new shape which we have seen the nrzzen take, are square, and carried athwart the mast. Neither the fore-and-aft rig, nor those hybrid developments of squaresail and fore-and-aft rig, will be considered until the following chapter, in order that our attention may not now be distracted and...

Plans Of Scandinavian Sailing Ships

Refers to them as the Suiones. (Tacitus died a.d. 108.) As Caesar was struck by the difference between the Roman sh ps and those of the Veneti, so Tacitus remarks that the ships of the Suiones differ from the Romans', too. Although these were not sailing ships nec velis ministrantur yet they were of the same design as those which were fitted with mast and sail. Double-ended, they could easily be beached and in battle could the more rapidly man uvre ahead or astern. Rut we have much earlier...

List Of Illustrations

A Seventeenth-century English Warsl > To act title-page From a paintiDg by Charles Dixon. I lav -Barge Htadpitce to rre ace 2. Norwegian Jaegt * 13 8. Egyptian Ship of about 6000 b.c. 22 From an amphora found u Upper Egypt, pnd now in the British Museum (Painted Pottery of Predynastic Period, Case 5, No. 35324). 4. Egyptian Ship of the Eit'lh Dynasty 30 Prom wall paintings in the Temple of Deir-el-Bahari. 5 and 6. Model of an Egyptian Ship of the Twelfth Prom a tomb at Hitch excavated J006-7....