Much was expected of the 102-ft (3-m) schooner America. Her builder, William Brown, commissioned George Steers to design her for a New York Yacht Club (NYYC) syndicate headed by its founding commodore, John Cox Stevens, who planned to take the vessel to England in 1851 to race the best British yachts.
With fine bows, low freeboard, raked masts, and beamy hull form, America looked fast. The concave bow sections, and maximum beam located halfway along the hull's length were innovative and designed according to the theories of the Scots engineer John Scott Russell However, British designers continued with their bluff-bowed vessels, while the
The NYYC boat won the One Hundred Guineas Cup at Cowes in 1851. America was scrapped in 1945; a modern reconstruction is pictured.
hull forms pioneered in America found more favor in the USA. Steers placed America's widest section well aft of Russell's theoretical optimum.
America won the famous race around the Isle of Wight but did not lead to any profound change in yacht design in European waters. one factor was how tonnage was calculated in order to create time allowances for handicapping, so that yachts of different design could race each other. But she was influential: the British cutter Alarm, which might have beaten America had the race been handicapped, was lengthened and re-rigged as a schooner.
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Lets start by identifying what exactly certain boats are. Sometimes the terminology can get lost on beginners, so well look at some of the most common boats and what theyre called. These boats are exactly what the name implies. They are meant to be used for fishing. Most fishing boats are powered by outboard motors, and many also have a trolling motor mounted on the bow. Bass boats can be made of aluminium or fibreglass.