If any class of yacht epitomized the era it was the J-Class. These boats were also built to a formula, but on a different scale: with an overall length of more than 120 ft (36.5 m), the waterline length had to be 75-87 ft (22.8-25.9 m). With a Bermudan rig (see Rig Designs, pp.46— 47), the sail area was not limited, but the draught was limited to 15 ft (4.5 m). Only ten new J-Class yachts were built, six in the USA and four in Britain: Enterprise, Weetamoe, Whirlwind, Yankee, Shamrock V, Rainbow, Velsheda,
AT THE WHEEL
T. O. M. Sopwith at the helm of the J-Class sloop Endeavour I during a heat ofthe America's Cup race in Newport, Rhode Island, 1934.
J-CLASS iN ACTiON
The restored J-Class yacht Velsheda, built in England in 1933, dwarfs more modern entrants in the America's Cup Jubilee race around the Isle of Wight
Endeavour I and II, and Ranger—other racing yachts had been faster and bigger but few had the magic of the Js. Their lines were sensuous, their owners famous, and they had the cachet of being America's Cup yachts. They were raced for just eight years between 1930 and 1937 in Britain and the USA, including the America's Cups of 1930, 1934, and 1937. Those that were not scrapped fell into disrepair. The survivors— Velsheda, Shamrock V, and Endeavour I—were all restored in the 1990s.
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Lets start by identifying what exactly certain boats are. Sometimes the terminology can get lost on beginners, so well look at some of the most common boats and what theyre called. These boats are exactly what the name implies. They are meant to be used for fishing. Most fishing boats are powered by outboard motors, and many also have a trolling motor mounted on the bow. Bass boats can be made of aluminium or fibreglass.