In 2001, Tony Mowbray became Australia's fastest solo, nonstop, unassisted world circumnavigator. Then 2004—6 witnessed three remarkable journeys. Francis Joyon of France shattered the previous record, held by a monohull, in his 90-ft (27.4-m) trimaran IDEC in 72 days 22 hours 54 minutes. A year later, Ellen MacArthur took a day off the record. Then Dee Caffari tackled the upwind westabout route; her 72-ft (21.9-m) steel cutter Aviva took 178 days 3 hours 5 minutes.
No one has attempted to better the achievement of Australian Jon Sanders. In 1986—87, he sailed alone around the world three times, a total of 71,023 nautical miles (131,535 km). This was the longest distance sailed by any vessel unassisted and solo. Sanders broke 15 records on that voyage, including the longest period spent alone at sea: 657 days 21 hours 18 minutes.
In 2005, Ellen MacArthur set a time of 71 days 14 hours 18 minutes in the purpose-designed 75-ft (22.8-m) trimaran B & Q/Castorama. Modern satellite communications meant that the world shared much of her arduous journey with her.
The renowned French long-distance sailor crosses the line on Pen DuickII, winning the 1964 Observer Single-Handed Transatlantic Race. Tabarly inspired generations of French sailors.
32 history of sailing
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Lets start by identifying what exactly certain boats are. Sometimes the terminology can get lost on beginners, so well look at some of the most common boats and what theyre called. These boats are exactly what the name implies. They are meant to be used for fishing. Most fishing boats are powered by outboard motors, and many also have a trolling motor mounted on the bow. Bass boats can be made of aluminium or fibreglass.