Square Lashing

Use To bind poles that are in contact and cross each other at any angle from 45o to 90o. Comments The square lashing gets it name from the fact that the wrapping turns are at 90o or square to the poles. Traditional square lashing is the most frequently used and the most secure form of lashing. If tied properly, the square lashing will remain tight and secure, but, as with all lashings, if any steps are omitted or done carelessly, the lashing will loosen and create a dangerous situation. The...

Diagonal Lashing

Use Diagonal lashing is used to bind poles together that cross each other but do not touch when their ends are lashed in place in a structure. Comments The diagonal lashing gets its name from the fact that the wrapping turns cross the poles diagonally. The diagonal lashing can be used to bind poles that cross each other from 90o to 45o. If the angle between the poles is less than 45o a shear lashing should be used. The diagonal lashing makes use of the timber hitch to pull poles together that...

Making A Hammer Maul

To make the head of a hammer maul you will need a 4 inch diameter, 10 inch long piece of hard, dense, unchecked, well seasoned, hardwood such as elm, black gum or hophornbeam. For the handle you will need a piece of well seasoned ash, hickory, or similar straight grained wood 1 1 2 inch diameter and 3 to 4 foot long. STEP1 Square the ends of the head with a saw. STEP 2 Find and mark the midline between the two ends. STEP 2 Find and mark the midline between the two ends. 3A Wrap a strip of paper...

Seizing

Narration (For seizing with racking turns knotboard.) (1) At the center of a piece of twine, tie a half knot so that the twine is around the first rope and the half knot is between the ropes. (2) Take racking turns with the twine by taking a bight around the second rope and reeving the twine between the ropes (3) then take a bight around the first rope and reeve the twine between the ropes again. (each racking turn forms a figure 8 around the rope. (4) When the length of the layer of racking...

Sheet Bend On A Short

Use For joining light rope, twine, thread, and yarn. Comments This method of tying the sheet bend is useful for tying a piece of rope onto another rope when the end of the rope is very short. Narrative (For sheet bend on a short end knotboard.) (1) Form an overhand loop. (2) Fold the loop over onto its standing part. (3) Pull a bight of the standing part through the loop to form an overhand knot in the running part. (4) Pull on the standing part and the running part of the overhand knot to...

Prolong Knot

A flat knot that is made by interweaving two strands of rope. As stair tread, mat, or chafing gear also as a decorative knot in a two strand lanyard. The prolong knot gets its name from the fact that it can be extended to any length. Place the center of the rope over a peg or hook and tie a loose half knot. Twist the left loop and extend it to the right side. NOTE This will start the over under pattern of the weaving. Twist the right loop and extend it to the left side so that it is over the...

Tripod Lashing With Plain Turns

Narration For tripod lashing with plain turns knotboard. 1 Tie a clove hitch around one of the outside poles. 2 Secure the standing part by wrapping it around the running part. NOTE Wrapping the standing part around the running part prevents the clove hitch from slipping around the pole. If the clove hitch slips the lashing will loosen up from the inside. 3 Start the wrapping turns by wrapping the rope around the poles. Take a total of 4 to 6 wrapping turns. Pull each wrapping turn tight as it...

Spherical Knob Covering

One example would be to cover a knob at the end The length of cord needed to tie the knob covering knot depends on the size of the cord and the number of times the pattern is to be chased. A good length to start with is 8 times the circumference of the knob for each time the pattern is to be chased. Example a one inch knob has a circumference of a little over 3 inches. To cover a one inch knob it would require about 25 inches of cord for each time the pattern...

Footrope Knot

Description a three strand knot that looks somewhat like a turk's head knot. Comments This knot was tied in the footrope the rope that was tied under the yard arm for the sailors to stand on when they were setting the sails to prevent the sailors' feet from slipping along the footrope. Use as a stopper knot in the end of a rope. STEP 1 Unlay 4 to 5 turns of the lay. STEP 6 STEP 1 Unlay 4 to 5 turns of the lay. STEP 6 STEP 7 Tie a wall knot under the crown knot but tuck the strands up through...