Any yacht that wants to be taken seriously must have at least three reefs available in the mainsail. It is philosophical to contemplate the numbers of those which do not.
A yacht which is sufficiently canvassed to sail well in 5 knots of breeze will find herself hard pressed in winds approaching gale force, even with a close-reefed mainsail. The answer is a trysail, which is a triangular sail set from the mast in place of the mainsail. It is hoisted on the main halyard, tacked down by a strop which allows it to set well above the boom, and sheeted home through quarter-blocks to the secondary cockpit winches. If no winch is available, a tackle will work well. The sail has two sheets like a headsail and is entirely independent of the boom. This last feature is particularly important, because if the boom is damaged on passage, the trysail is always ready to take over. It is cut flat and strong and should be considered as a working sail aboard many all-weather yachts below 35 ft (10.6 m) long.
Since most mainsails are carried in a groove or track on the aft side of the mast, it is important that the 'gate' which allows the luff or its fittings to enter the groove be sited above the head of the stowed sail. If this is the arrangement, rigging a carefully stowed trysail (still bagged, with just the luff protruding) presents no more difficulty than it need. I won't pretend that doing the job on a freezing dark night in a 20 ft (6 m) sea is a consummation to be actively sought, but at least the job can be tackled in the reasonable hope of a successful conclusion. If the gate has not been sensibly placed, you are in for a deal of unpleasantness.
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Lets start by identifying what exactly certain boats are. Sometimes the terminology can get lost on beginners, so well look at some of the most common boats and what theyre called. These boats are exactly what the name implies. They are meant to be used for fishing. Most fishing boats are powered by outboard motors, and many also have a trolling motor mounted on the bow. Bass boats can be made of aluminium or fibreglass.