Nowadays most people anchor under power. First, the boat is headed up to the wind, the tide, or to seaward if she finds herself in an open roadstead where an onshore breeze may become a contingency. As soon as she has lost way over the
ground, the anchor is dropped, or lowered if it is light enough. When it is on the bottom, the run of the cable is checked and the boar is steered away astern, laying cable in a straight line as she goes. Because it is difficult for an anchor to dig in at high speeds, the engine is put 'out of gear' when the chosen scope has nearly all run over the roller. The boat now carries her way astern.
As the cable is snubbed, the yacht's weight will pull out any bights that may have been laid on the seabed. Once the cable has been straightened, the foredeck crew will see it rising from the water. This demonstrates that the anchor is taking a nibble at the substratum.
Now comes the magic. Rather than allowing the yacht to ride forward under the effect of the weight of cable, you should put her engine half astern as the last of her way comes off. After a few seconds she will begin to move slowly astern again as the hook works into the bottom. If she continues to move for any distance, the anchor is skating over the ground, and the yacht must be slowed down to give it a chance. In all probability, however, it will take; if it doesn't, you must heave it up and try
again. The yacht now comes to rest with the propeller still turning in astern and the cable stretching out ahead at a shallow angle.
At this point you should take a critical look around you to see if you are dragging the pick through the clay. The best method of being sure is to use beam transits. Any two items will do. A tree and a courting couple will serve beautifully, so long as the human element isn't moving around too much. At night, a star can profitably be lined up with an illuminated public convenience or anything else nearer to you than the star itself.
If your transits are stationary, put on a few more revolutions to make sure. The couple will slide away from the tree slightly as the boat leans harder on her cable, then they may well creep back into the shade as the yacht springs back a few feet under the weight of the catenary. As soon as you are convinced, you can throttle down the engine and hoist the anchor ball. You'll sleep soundly now, because if the anchor can stand the pull of your engine, it can certainly cope with most of what the weather can throw at you.
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Lets start by identifying what exactly certain boats are. Sometimes the terminology can get lost on beginners, so well look at some of the most common boats and what theyre called. These boats are exactly what the name implies. They are meant to be used for fishing. Most fishing boats are powered by outboard motors, and many also have a trolling motor mounted on the bow. Bass boats can be made of aluminium or fibreglass.