AT Brazil to Europe

Waypoints:

Departure

Intermediate

Landfall

Destination

Distance (U)

Rnuli1 W22\

AT220 Rio 22'50'S, 43'05'W

AT221 Horta 38'32'N.28'37'W AT222 Pta Delgada 37'44'W, 25'40'W

AT223 Lizard 49'55'N, 5'10'W

lliil II ti

AT220 Rio

AT224 Gibraltar 36'08'N, 5'22'W

4134

Northbound passages from Brazilian ports south of Cape Frio should avoid the period October to February, when NE winds prevail along the coast. During this time, the normal practice is to take a long tack offshore until well inside the SE trades. This will then make it possible to weather Cape Sao Roque, at the eastern extremity of Brazil. After sufficient easting has been made, the course can be altered to northward so that the equator is crossed between longitudes 28 °W and 30 °W.

From April to September northbound passages are much easier and the equator should be crossed as far east as possible so as to enter the NE trades at the most favourable slant. North of the equator the route runs close to the west of the Cape Verdes and on to the Azores, which should be always passed to the west if the vessel is bound for Northern Europe (route AT22A). Depending on the winds encountered in the vicinity of the Azores, the recommended practice is to stay on the tack which gives most northing as westerly winds will be found in higher latitudes and the course can then be altered to NE. For the rest of the passage to Northern Europe see route AN132 (page 143).

For vessels bound for the Mediterranean (route AT22B), the route north of the equator should stay as far east as the NE trade winds will allow. If too much leeway is made to the west and the Azores cannot be avoided, Horta or Ponta Delgada provide convenient stops from where route AN134 gives details for the continuation of the voyage to the Mediterranean (page 146).

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