At South Africa to North America

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Departure

AT250 Table N AT251 Helena 33'55'S, 18a23'E 15°55'S, 5'*3 Vv AT252 Ascension 7'56'S, 14'25'W AT253 West O'OO'. 28'00'W AT254 St George's 32'23'N, 64'40'W

Similar directions apply as far as the equator as for route AT23, although a more westerly crossing of the equator may be preferable for boats bound for the USA. A convenient stop south of the equator is

For boats arriving from the south, the most convenient landfalls in the Caribbean are:

AT244, five miles SE of Scarborough, the capital of Tobago, where entry formalities into Trinidad and Tobago can be completed. AT245, five miles SW of South Point, the southern extremity of Barbados. Formalities are completed in the commercial port of Bridgetown, north of Carlisle Bay, the recommended anchorage. AT246, four miles east of Cape Marquis, on the NE coast of St Lucia. Having sailed along the north coast of St Lucia, the marina in Rodney Bay makes an excellent landfall where entry formalities can be completed. St Lucia can be also approached from the south, in which case the port of entry at Vieux Fort (13"44'N, 60°57') can be used. AT247, three miles SSE of Martinique. The nearest place to complete formalities is Cul de Sac du Marin, a small port on the SE tip of the island. This is more convenient than the capital Fort de France, which is another 25 miles up the coast. AT248, two miles SSE of English Harbour on the SE coast of Antigua. Formalities can be completed in the nearby historic port of English Harbour.

Newport 6806

the small Brazilian island Fernando de Noronha in which case the equator will be crossed further west than WP AT253. Because the optimum departure time from Cape Town (January to March), brings

January to April June to November

Coastal Cruising Guide to the Atlantic Coast Yachting Guide to Bermuda. Intermediate_Landfall_Destination Distance boats too early into the North Atlantic, few people sail the entire route nonstop and usually make a detour to the Caribbean. This is easily accomplished as the route runs quite close to the Lesser Antilles. Route AN77 describes the subsequent leg from the islands to the USA (page 92).

Having crossed the equator, the direct route runs NW through the NE trades to Bermuda from where

This busy route in the heyday of the clipper ships is used nowadays mainly by participants in round the world races and only a few cruising boats, which choose this tough way of reaching Europe from the antipodes. After rounding Cape Horn, from WP AT260, five miles south of Cape Horn, the course is altered for WP AT261. From here, the route can pass either east or west of Staten Island. If this island is passed to seaward, a wide berth should be given to Cape St John, as a dangerous tide rip extends offshore for about six miles making conditions hazardous when the wind blows route AN121 gives directions for the continuation of the voyage to the USA (page 135). If a nonstop passage is planned from Cape Town, an arrival in Bermuda is not recommended before the middle of April. In this case, a departure from Cape Town at the end o^February or beginning of March is not too late as favourable sailing conditions still prevail in the South Atlantic.

against the tide. Alternatively, the route through Le Maire Strait can be taken, especially if the intention is to pass to the west of the Falkland Islands. In this case a course should be set for WP AT262 at the entrance into the Strait. Going north through Le Maire Strait it is essential to wait for a fair tide and, if at all possible, a fair wind as well. The choice must be made whether to lay a course which will pass between the mainland and the Falklands or choose an offshore course. In the latter case a stop in the Falklands should be considered. WP AT263 keeps well clear of Beauchene Island and Mintay

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